Egypt In The BiblePerhaps most famous for it’s pyramids, Egypt is probably the second most important country mentioned in the Bible, with Israel being the first. With the exception of the pre-flood world, the majority of Genesis revolves around Egypt. All links open in a new tab or window.

Quick References

  • Founder: Mizraim
  • Location: Africa

Times Mentioned

  • Egypt: 611
  • Egyptian: 23
  • Egyptians: 98

Alternative Names

  • Land of Ham: 3

People With Egyptian Blood

  • Asenath
  • Ephraim
  • Hagar
  • Ishmael
  • Joshua
  • Manasseh
  • Solomon’s Wife

Egypt As A Refuge In Scripture

Early in scripture, God uses Egypt as a refuge for his people in times of trouble. Not only do they take refuge in Egypt, but it is also a source for riches as well.

Abraham In Egypt

When Abraham and Sarah sought refuge in Egypt, Pharaoh took a liking to Sarah, and took her as his wife. After God appeared to Pharaoh in a dream, Sarah was restored to Abraham (Genesis 12:1-18), and they left Egypt with riches.

“And Abram went up out of Egypt, he, and his wife, and all that he had, and Lot with him, into the south. And Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold.” – Genesis 13:1-2

 Jacob In Egypt

When Jacob and his family had to endure the famine, he sent his sons to Egypt, where his son Joseph had been sold into slavery, but had risen to power.

“Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another?” – Genesis 42:1

Joseph In Egypt

After being sold into slavery to Egypt, Joseph slowly rose to power and eventually used his power to provide a safe place for his family to live.

“And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him:” – Genesis 46:6

Jesus In Egypt

Most of us know that when Jesus was born, he and his family were forced to flee the persecution of Herod. However, many times we tend to forget that they escaped by fleeing to Egypt.

“And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.” – Matthew 2:13

Egyptian-Hebrew Intermarriage

From the very beginning, Hebrews mixed and married with Egyptians, and there were even Egyptians that left Egypt with the Hebrews during the Exodus.

“And the son of an Israelitish woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the children of Israel: and this son of the Israelitish woman and a man of Israel strove together in the camp;” – Leviticus 24:10

Abraham and Hagar

Hagar was Sarah’s Egyptian handmaid. When Sarah failed to get pregnant, she offered Hagar to Abraham, and she bare Ishmael.

“And Sarai Abram’s wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.” – Genesis 16:3

Joseph and Asenath

After rising to power in Egypt, Joseph was given an Egyptian wife named Asenath. She bares him Ephraim and Manasseh, who will eventually be included into the tribes of Israel.

“And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name Zaphnathpaaneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On. And Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt.” – Genesis 41:45

Solomon and Pharaoh’s Daughter

Solomon had many women, but there are only three that were singled out in scripture. One of these three was the daughter of Pharaoh, whom Solomon married for political reasons.

“And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh‘s daughter, and brought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his own house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall of Jerusalem round about.” – 1 Kings 3:1


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