Ethiopia In The BibleEthiopia plays a key role in scripture because of the various interactions between them and Israel.

Quick References

  • Founder: Sheba
  • Location: Africa

Times Mentioned

  • Ethiopia: 20
  • Ethiopian: 8
  • Ethiopians: 13

Alternative Names

People With Ethiopian Blood

  • Candace
  • Ebedmelech
  • Eunuch
  • Moses’ Wife
  • Queen of Sheba
  • Zerah

The Ethiopian Connection

We are first introduced to Ethiopia in Genesis 2:13 in reference to the Gihon River. According to scripture, this river of Eden encompassed the entire land of Ethiopia.

“And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.” – Genesis 2:13

While it is not mentioned as often as Egypt, there seems to be something more to Ethiopia than we are told.

Ethiopia-Hebrew Intermarriage

As early as the book of Exodus we see mixing between Hebrews and Ethiopians. This mixing was not only condoned, but defended at least once by God personally.

Moses and The Ethiopian Wife

The very first mention of an Ethiopian marrying a Hebrew is the wife of Moses, which brought about some criticism.

“And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman.” – Numbers 12:1

When Miriam and Aaron spoke against the union, God came down and afflicted Miriam with leprosy for an entire week for doing so.

Solomon and The Queen of Sheba

While her ethnicity is rarely mentioned, The Queen of Sheba was Ethiopian, and Solomon gave her anything she wanted.

“And king Solomon gave unto the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, beside that which Solomon gave her of his royal bounty. So she turned and went to her own country, she and her servants.” – 1 Kings 10:13

However, this was not a once sided love affair. The queen of Sheba also gave Solomon more gold than anyone else had given him.

“And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.” – 1 Kings 10:10

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