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Scripture often contains names of people, places, and things that sound completely foreign to our modern English ears. One of these references comes in the early chapters of Genesis in which the kings of nine nations go to war. One of these kings is referred to as “Tidal king of nations”.
During the course of my research into the Gentiles, I decided to take a peek at the word used for “nations” in Genesis 14:1 and Genesis 14:9. The word used was “gowyim“. For a full study on the meaning of gowyim please see the following study:
Tidal Identified As A European Leader
Upon noticing that the term goyim was used, I made a note to come back and check it out later. After doing a bit of digging, I was led to the following source:
“(in the LXX. called “Thorgal”), styled the “king of nations” (Gen.14:1-9). Mentioned as Tudkhula on Arioch’s brick (see facing page 139). Goyyim , translated “nations,” is the country called Gutium, east of Tigris and north of Elam.” – Source
If we look at the map, Elam is located just outside of the Arabian Peninsula. To the North of Elam we see the map marked as “Indo European Peoples”. From there I looked into Gutium, which returned some very interesting results, especially when it came to the description of the Gutium people.
“According to the historian Henry Hoyle Howorth (1901), Assyriologist Theophilus Pinches (1908), renowned archaeologist Leonard Woolley (1929) and Assyriologist Ignace Gelb (1944) the Gutians were pale in complexion and blonde. This was asserted on the basis of assumed links to peoples mentioned in the Old Testament. This identification of the Gutians as fair haired first came to light when Julius Oppert (1877) published a set of tablets he had discovered which described Gutian (and Subarian) slaves as namrum or namrûtum, one of its many meanings being “light colored”. This racial character of the Gutians as blondes or being light skinned was also claimed up by Georges Vacher de Lapouge in 1899 and later by historian Sidney Smith in his Early history of Assyria (1928).“
These archaeologists prove that many of the claims on Eurocentric websites linking Tidal to the Hittites are false. The mention of the gowyim in the verse presents a problem for those that cling to the claim that Gentiles were all non Hebrew people.
The Gentiles Are A Specific Group of People
If the claim that Gentiles were all non Hebrew people, there would be a conflict in the story. Tidal was king of the gowyim, but he served Chedorlaomer. Neither of these kings were Hebrews, so in order for the claim that all non Hebrews are Gentiles to stand, Chedorlaomer would have to have been serving Tidal. The Bible is clear that Tidal is king of a group of people identified as gowyim.
- Amraphel is not a Hebrew, but not listed as gowyim.
- Arioch is not a Hebrew, but is not listed as gowyim.
This leaves no doubt that Tidal was king of a specific group of people of non Shemite lineage, but were not lumped in with all other Shemites.
A single mention of a name has become a key factor in further proving that the Gentiles referred to in scripture are indeed the descendants of Japheth (Europeans). Over and over again, all of the evidence for who the Gentiles are ends up pointing back to the descendants of Japheth. While many conservative Christians may not like the what the Bible has to say about the Gentiles, the truth is the truth. Those that desire the truth should teach and preach the truth boldly and without fear. It’s not racist to identify the people of the book as who they are, regardless if it shatters their entire worldview on how they believe things should be vs how they actually are.
“And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed.” – Romans 13:11
- The Five Cities of The Plain: Sodom, Gomorrah, Zoar, Admah, and Zeboiim
- Unmasking The Gentiles: The Greatest Deception on Earth
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