Friday, July 20Exploring The Black Presence In The Bible

Bathsheba: King Solomon’s Canaanite Mother


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Was Solomon’s mother a descendant of Ham? This might be hard for many to accept, but the evidence points to the very fact that Bathsheba was not a Hebrew. If you’ve already read my previous article, Uriah: Bathsheba’s African Husband and David’s Mighty Man, then you know that Bathsheba was originally married to a black man from the line of Ham.

Tracing Bathsheba’s Lineage

Although we are not told directly that Bathsheba is a Hamite, we can actually trace her heritage through her grandfather Ahithophel (David’s African counselor). In 2 Samuel 11:3 we are told that Bathsheba’s father is Eliam, but it isn’t until 2 Samuel 23 that we find out that Bathsheba’s grandfather is a Gilonite.

“Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,” – 2 Samuel 23:34

The Gilonites were named for their city of Giloh (Joshua 15), and were one of several Canaanite tribes that were not expelled from Judah’s portion of the land. Some of the survivors lived together with the tribe of Judah and even married into the tribe.

Canaanite vs Tribe of Judah

There is some debate as to whether Bathsheba was from the tribe of Judah or if she was a Gilonite. Those that claim that she had to be a Hebrew because Judah took over the land, are sadly mistaken. The first thing we need to understand is that not all of Canaan’s inhabitants were killed when Israel invaded. The survivors of the invasion lived among the Hebrews. Here are some examples directly from scripture:

“There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, save the Hivites the inhabitants of Gibeon: all other they took in battle.” – Joshua 11:19

“As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day.” – Joshua 15:63

Another incorrect teaching is that the Israelites remained separate from the tribes that did survive, which means that Bathsheba must have been Hebrew. Once again, we can prove from the Bible that not only did they not stay separate, but the married each other.

“And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites: And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.” – Judges 3:5-6

The only way this would’ve been possible was if Joshua left survivors after the Israelites invaded Canaan. Based on the above facts, we have to take the Bible at face value when it tells us that Bathsheba was of Gilonite lineage, and that Uriah was a Hittite. There is no reason to believe otherwise.

Bathsheba’s Husband Uriah The Hittite

Bathsheba makes here entrance into the story as the wife of a Hittite that also happens to be one of David’s mighty men.

“And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?” – 2 Samuel 11:3

Once again, based on the information above, there is no reason to believe that Uriah was a Hebrew because scripture is more than clear that at least some of the Hittites survived the invasion. The story is consistent because Bathsheba and Uriah are both Canaanites and both married before David takes and interest in her.

The Hittites were the descendants of Heth… one of the sons of Canaan, who was the son of Ham, the father of the black African nations. After David sleeps with Bathsheba and gets her pregnant, he attempts to trick Uriah into sleeping with Bathsheba to cover up the pregnancy. When that doesn’t work, David has Uriah sent to the front lines to be killed during battle.

Because of the adultery, God curses the child conceived from the adultery to die at birth. But after a brief mourning period, David and Bathsheba had a second child by the name of Solomon:

“And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him.” – 2 Samuel 12:24

David does repent for the adultery and murder committed by him, and his entire prayer of repentance can be found in Psalms 51:1-19.

Suggested Reading

Nathan The Prophet Warns Bathsheba

Because of David’s adultery, there were a chain of events that led to the near destruction of David’s entire lineage. In the middle of a coup by his fourth son Adonijah (2 Samuel 3:4), Nathan the prophet warns her that Adonijah has assumed the throne without David’s knowledge, in an attempt to usurp the kingship that was promised to Solomon. Nathan the prophet told Bathsheba that she needed to go tell the aging king David what was happening if she and Solomon wanted to live.

Wherefore Nathan spake unto Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, Hast thou not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith doth reign, and David our lord knoweth it not? Now therefore come, let me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, that thou mayest save thine own life, and the life of thy son Solomon.Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign? Behold, while thou yet talkest there with the king, I also will come in after thee, and confirm thy words.” – 1 Kings 1:11-14

Because Bathsheba listened to Nathan the prophet, she ensured the survival of her and Solomon, and Solomon is immediately crowned king at the command of king David.

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