DNA Studies

A Genetic Study Reveals that “African” Groups Like the “Yoruba” Have Eurasian DNA

A Genetic Study Reveals that “African” Groups Like the “Yoruba” Have Eurasian DNA

Source: Ancient Ethiopian genome reveals extensive Eurasian admixture in Eastern Africa (Science) 2015 A.D. From the source, "Tracing the migrations of anatomically modern humans has been complicated by human movements both out of and into Africa, especially in relatively recent history. Gallego Llorente et al. sequenced an Ethiopian individual, “Mota,” who lived approximately 4500 years ago, predating one such wave of individuals into Africa from Eurasia. The genetic information from Mota suggests that present-day Sardinians were the likely source of the Eurasian backflow. Furthermore, 4 to 7% of most African genomes, including Yoruba and Mbuti Pygmies, originated from this Eurasian gene flow...Using…
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Ancient “Sub-Saharan” Genetic Admixture in Italian Populations

Ancient “Sub-Saharan” Genetic Admixture in Italian Populations

Source: Uniparental Markers of Contemporary Italian Population Reveals Details on Its Pre-Roman Heritage (Plos One) 2012 A.D. Note: Page 12 of the source. Note: Page 12 of the source. Note: Page 13 of the source. This source confirms that "sub-Saharan" ancestry in the southern regions of Europe predates modern migration, the Transatlantic Slave Trade, and the Roman Empire. This source confirms the black presence in the ancient Mediterranean region. Ancient historians attest to ancient interactions and mixing between southern Europeans, Africans, and ancient near east people. The history aligns with the DNA.
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Dravido-Africans

Dravido-Africans

Source: Evidence that a West-East admixed population lived in the Tarim Basin as early as the early Bronze Age (BMC Biology) 2010 A.D. From the source, "  The Loulan Mummy was of Dravidian Origin Clyde Winters, Uthman dan Fodio Institute 18 July 2014 Controversy surrounds the Loulan mummy. Meir has attempted to protray the Tarim Basin as an ancestral home for Caucasians because of the discovery of mummies resembling Europeans in the Tarim Basin with European pigmentation and physical features. As a result, researchers have claimed that the Loulan mummy was also caucasian. This hypothesis is false. The Loulan munny…
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Kuhsite Spread of Haplogroup R1*M173 from Africa to India

Kuhsite Spread of Haplogroup R1*M173 from Africa to India

Source: The Kushite Spread of Haplogroup R1*-M173 from Africa to Eurasia (Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences) 2010 A.D. Note: Page 294 of the Kushite spread source. Note: Page 294 of the Kushite spread source. Note: Page 295 of the Kushite spread source. Note: Page 296 of the Kushite spread source. Note: Page 296 of the Kushite spread source. Note: Page 296 of the Kushite spread source. Note: Page 296 of the Kushite spread source. Note: Page 296 of the Kushite spread source. Note: Page 296 of the Kushite spread source. Note: Page 297 of the Kushite spread source. Note:…
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Common African Haplotype Associated with Phoenician Colonization

Common African Haplotype Associated with Phoenician Colonization

Source: Gm and Km immunoglobulin allotypes in Sicily (National Library of Medicine) 2004 A.D. From the source, "The aim of this study was to evaluate the intra- and inter-population variability of the Gm/Km system in the Madonie Mountains, one of the main geographical barriers in north-central Sicily. We analysed 392 samples: 145 from Alia, 128 from Valledolmo, 25 from Cerda and 94 from Palermo. Serum samples were tested for G1m (1,2,3,17), G2m (23), G3m (5,6,10,11,13,14,15,16,21,24,28) and Km (1) allotypes by the standard agglutination-inhibition method. We found the typical genetic patterns of populations in peripheral areas of the Mediterranean basin, with…
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Sub-Saharan DNA Related to Phoenicians

Sub-Saharan DNA Related to Phoenicians

Source: Population history of the Sardinian people inferred from whole-genome sequencing (bioRxiv) 2016 A.D. From the source, "The ADMIXTURE and PCA analyses above (Figure 4) suggest that Sardinian samples, such as those outside of Ogliastra, may show some evidence of admixture with mainland sources, consistent with previous reports (Moorjani et al. 2011, Loh et al. 2013, Hellenthal et al. 2014). For example, Cagliari individuals demonstrated ~7% of a non-Sardinian (“purple”) component that is found in substantial fraction among extant individuals from Southern Europe, Middle East, Caucasus, and North Africa. To assess this in detail we used the f3-test for admixture (Patterson et…
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Sub-Saharan Ancestry Related to Phoenicians

Sub-Saharan Ancestry Related to Phoenicians

Source: Ancient mitogenomes of Phoenicians from Sardinia and Lebanon: A story of settlement, integration, and female mobility (PLOS) 2018 A.D. From the source, "The proposed Phoenician lineages, W5, N1b1a5 and X2b are not found in Sardinians today, suggesting rare introductions, of the nature of single individuals rather than as representative of major colonizing groups. We suggest that N1b1a5 could be an introduction from Carthage or some other North African location within the Phoenician network. It is therefore interesting that Chiang et al. [63] do find evidence in the whole-genome data of a small degree of what they suggest may be…
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Sub-Saharan DNA in Arabia and Yemen

Sub-Saharan DNA in Arabia and Yemen

Source: Saudi Arabian Y-Chromosome diversity and its relationship with nearby regions (BMC Genomic Data) 2009 A.D. From the source, "Saudi Arabia differentiates from other Arabian Peninsula countries by a higher presence of J2-M172 lineages. It is significantly different from Yemen mainly due to a comparative reduction of sub-Saharan Africa E1-M123 and Levantine J1-M267 male lineages. Around 14% of the Saudi Arabia Y-chromosome pool is typical of African biogeographic ancestry, 17% arrived to the area from the East across Iran, while the remainder 69% could be considered of direct or indirect Levantine ascription. Interestingly, basal E-M96* (n = 2) and J-M304*…
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Mahalanobis Analysis Revealed Close Affinities Between Nubians and Egyptians

Mahalanobis Analysis Revealed Close Affinities Between Nubians and Egyptians

Source: An Examination of Nubian and Egyptian Biological Distance: Support for Biological Diffusion or In Situ Development? (Journal of Comparative Human Biology) 2009 A.D. Note: Page 397 of the source. Note: Page 398 to 399 of the source. Note: Page 399 of the source. Note: Page 399 of the source. Note: Page 401 of the source. This source confirms the biological affinities between ancient Egyptians and Nubians.
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Bantu Speakers Do Not have Ancient Sub-Saharan African DNA

Bantu Speakers Do Not have Ancient Sub-Saharan African DNA

Source: Ancient genomes reveal complex patterns of population movement, interaction, and replacement in sub-Saharan Africa (Science Advances) 2020 A.D. Note: Page 1 of the source. Note: Page 2 of the source. Note: Page 5 of the source. Note: Page 5 of the source. This source confirms Levantine admixture amongst various African peoples which supports the stance that people from the ancient near east migrated to various regions of Africa at different time periods. The fact that the Bantu do not have genes related to ancient sub-Saharan African genomes can suggest they migrated from the ancient near east into Africa.
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