Groups of Refugees From the Ancient Near East Came to Sub-Sahara Africa

Source: Emergence of social complexity in the southern Chad Basin towards 500 BC: Archeological and other evidence (Borno Museum Society Newsletter) 2007 A.D.

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This source confirms much of what Dr. Dierk Lange has noted in his other work. He points out in this piece that direct cultural transmission from refugees from the ancient near east (ANE) fleeing into sub-Sahara Africa is the reason why state building started in the Chad Basin.

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