The 13th Century Estoria de Espanna (History of Spain) Describes The Moors Being As Black As Pitch

The 13th Century Estoria de Espanna (History of Spain) Describes The Moors Being As Black As Pitch

Source: The Return of the Moor Spanish Responses to Contemporary Moroccan Immigration (Purdue University Press) 2008 A.D. Note: Page 72 of the source. Note: Page 73 of the source. Note: Page 73 to 74 of the source. Note: Page 75 of the source. This source confirms the "otherness", the strange admiration, and the blackness that was assigned to the Medieval Moors.
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According To Ancient Historians Like Strabo and Roman Lucius Annaeus Florus, Cleopatra was Identified as an Egyptian

According To Ancient Historians Like Strabo and Roman Lucius Annaeus Florus, Cleopatra was Identified as an Egyptian

Source: Cleopatra and Egypt (Wiley-Blackwell) 2008 A.D. Note: Page 1 to 2 of the source. Note: Page 7 of the source. Note: Page 7 of the source. Note: Page 8 of the source. Note: Page 8 of the source. This source adds vital context to the subject regarding Cleopatra's ethnicity. First, it establishes that some ancient scholars classified her as being an Egyptian, not as a Greek so that immediately sets the tone for how she was viewed culturally. The rest of the source provides evidence that there were black Egyptians and Egyptians were often viewed as being black in…
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Israelites Named Cushi May have Been “unusually dark-skinned”

Israelites Named Cushi May have Been “unusually dark-skinned”

Source: Introduction to the Prophets (Eerdmans Publishing Company) 2008 A.D. Note: Page 308 of the source. This source confirms yet again that one can make a simple inference that Israelites named Cushi were extremely dark skinned individuals. This source confirms a "dark colorization" that ancient Israelites operated on because they could only produce individuals who physically resembled Ethiopians if a fair number of them were already some shade of brown skin which various different peoples of African, near east, and Indus descent have.
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Refuting Islamic Influence Being the Sole Reason Connections Exist Between West Africa and the Ancient Near East (ANE)

Refuting Islamic Influence Being the Sole Reason Connections Exist Between West Africa and the Ancient Near East (ANE)

Source: Islamic Feedback or Ancient near Eastern Survivals? A Reply to David Henige (Frobenius Institute) 2008 A.D. Note: Page 253 of the source. Note: Page 253 of the source. Note: Page 254 of the source. Note: Page 254 of the source. Note: Page 255 of the source. Note: Page 255 of the source. Note: Page 256 of the source. Note: Page 256 of the source. Note: Page 257 of the source. Note: Page 257 of the source. Note: Page 258 of the source. Note: Page 258 of the source. Note: Page 259 of the source. Note: Page 259 of the…
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Black Jews Along The Niger

Black Jews Along The Niger

Source: Zakhor (Jewish Virtual Library) 2008 A.D. From the source, " ZAKHOR (Heb. "Remember"), black Judaizing movement in Mali comprising around 1,000 people. It was founded in Timbuktu in 1993 by the Malian historian Ismael Daidé Haïdara, whose followers claim to be the offspring of Saharan Jews. In a manifesto published in 1996, the members of Zakhor recognize themselves as Jews and declare themselves to be descendants of the Jews of Touat. The Touat, the region at the limit of the Sahara in western Algeria, was, up to 1492, inhabited by Jews involved in trans-Saharan trade. At that time, Sheikh Abd…
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Africa Potentially Gained its Name from a “Mythical” Figure From Yemen

Africa Potentially Gained its Name from a “Mythical” Figure From Yemen

Source: New Encyclopedia of Africa, Volume 1: 'Abd al-Qādir–Cummings-John (Charles Scribner's Sons (Thomson Gale)) 2008 A.D. Note: Page 9 of the source. This source brings up several theories regarding the name of Africa, but the notion that Africa is named after a descendant of Abraham or an individual who came from Yemen stand out. I do believe the Afar people are indeed related to Abraham and/or ancient near eastern peoples because they state their ancestor came from Yemen.
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Phoenician and Egyptian Objects have Been Found Throughout “Sub-Saharan” Africa

Phoenician and Egyptian Objects have Been Found Throughout “Sub-Saharan” Africa

Source: Ancient Near Eastern Influence In Sub-Saharan Africa (University of South Africa) 2008 A.D. Note: Page 1 of the source. Note: Page 1 of the source. Note: Page 2 of the source. Note: Page 2 of the source. Note: Page 2 f the source. Note: Page 3 of the source. Note: Page 4 of the source. Note: Page 4 of the source. Note: Page 4 of the source. Note: Page 5 of the source. Note: Page 5 of the source. Note: Page 6 of the source. Note: Page 6 of the source. Note: Page 7 of the source. Note: Page…
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Facial Reconstruction of Biblical Era Jews-The Female Jew had “some equatorial (African) Mixture

Facial Reconstruction of Biblical Era Jews-The Female Jew had “some equatorial (African) Mixture

Source: Facial Image of Bible Jews From Israel (E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung) 2008 A.D. Note: Page 167 of the source. Note: Page 169 of the source. Note: Page 183 of the source. Note: Page 185 of the source. Note: Page 186 of the source. This source confirms that ancient near eastern demographics have changed over time. This source serves a modern indicator that there were Jews during the biblical era with "African" features.
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The Ancient, Anonymous Text Known as “Joseph and Aseneth”-Jacob’s Hair Was Like an Ethiopian (His Hairs were “Close” and Exceedingly “Thick”)

The Ancient, Anonymous Text Known as “Joseph and Aseneth”-Jacob’s Hair Was Like an Ethiopian (His Hairs were “Close” and Exceedingly “Thick”)

Source: When Aseneth Met Joseph: A Late Antique Tale of the Biblical Patriarch and His Egyptian Wife, Reconsidered (Oxford University Press, USA) 1998 A.D. Note: Page 78 of the source. This source can be used to point to the Ethiopian likeness that it was believed that ancient Israelites like Jacob (Israel himself) had. This ancient text tells us that Jacob's hair was close and thick like an Ethiopian.
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