University of Minnesota

In 1813 A.D. , Remarks By the 12th Century Edrisi Were Noted For Jewish Scarification

In 1813 A.D. , Remarks By the 12th Century Edrisi Were Noted For Jewish Scarification

Source: Historical Account of Discoveries and Travels in Africa, from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time: Including the Substance of the Late Dr. Leyden's Work on that Subject, Volume 2 (University of Minnesota) 1813 A.D. Note: Page 519 of the source. Note: Page 521 of the source. This source confirms the mention of Jews existing on the West Coast of Africa in the Middle Ages. This source also mentions that they practiced body scarification which, if one accepts these Jews of West Africa are connected to the ancient Israelites, confirms tattoo and scarification culture possibly existed to some extent in…
Read More
Professor Jeffrey Jerome Cohen Provides Commentary On Why Jews Were Depicted As Being Black In Medieval Time Period (More of a Signifier of Race Than Class)-Jews and Saracens Were Black Physically and Spiritually-At Times, Both Saracens and Jews Were Depicted With “Hooked” Noses and Black Skin-Black People Were In Ancient Carthage

Professor Jeffrey Jerome Cohen Provides Commentary On Why Jews Were Depicted As Being Black In Medieval Time Period (More of a Signifier of Race Than Class)-Jews and Saracens Were Black Physically and Spiritually-At Times, Both Saracens and Jews Were Depicted With “Hooked” Noses and Black Skin-Black People Were In Ancient Carthage

Source: Medieval Identity Machines (University of Minnesota) 2003 A.D - pg. 277 Note: Page 198 of the source. Note: Page 199 to 200 of the source. Note: Page 201 of the source. Note: Page 201 of the source. Note: Page 201 of the source. Note: Page 206 of the source. Note: Page 219 of the source. Note: Page 272 of the source. Note: Page 277 of the source. Note: Page 283 of the source. This source confirms that during the medieval age, Jews being depicted as "swarthy", "Ethiopian", or "black-skinned" was used to signify race more than class which once…
Read More