American

Refuting Islamic Influence Being the Sole Reason Connections Exist Between West Africa and the Ancient Near East (ANE)

Refuting Islamic Influence Being the Sole Reason Connections Exist Between West Africa and the Ancient Near East (ANE)

Source: Islamic Feedback or Ancient near Eastern Survivals? A Reply to David Henige (Frobenius Institute) 2008 A.D. Note: Page 253 of the source. Note: Page 253 of the source. Note: Page 254 of the source. Note: Page 254 of the source. Note: Page 255 of the source. Note: Page 255 of the source. Note: Page 256 of the source. Note: Page 256 of the source. Note: Page 257 of the source. Note: Page 257 of the source. Note: Page 258 of the source. Note: Page 258 of the source. Note: Page 259 of the source. Note: Page 259 of the…
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Mathias de Sousa was Possibly a Portuguese Jew in Colonial Maryland

Mathias de Sousa was Possibly a Portuguese Jew in Colonial Maryland

Source: Defining race and identity in early Md. (The Baltimore Sun) 2001 A.D. From the source, " BLACK HISTORY Month offers an opportunity to spotlight the history and achievements of African people and their descendants in America. In Maryland, we celebrate the lives of men and women like Benjamin Banneker, Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman. It may seem ironic that in observance of the first Black History Month of the millennium, we question the identity of an official Maryland first: Mathias de Sousa -- widely celebrated as the first black man to vote in the Maryland legislature. We do not question…
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Africans Named After Afer Who Was a Descendant of Abraham

Africans Named After Afer Who Was a Descendant of Abraham

Source: John of Fordune's Chronicle of the Scottish Nation (Edmonston & Douglas) 1872 A.D. Note: Page 3 of the source. This source confirms that Africa's name is potentially Hebraic. If one is being called an "African-American", "African/Afro-Brazilian", and the list goes on then one can argue they are being called "Hebraic Americans", "Hebraic Brazilians", etc.
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African Americans, Yemenite Jews, and Ethiopians Jews are Seen as One

African Americans, Yemenite Jews, and Ethiopians Jews are Seen as One

Source: The Colors of Jews Racial Politics and Radical Diasporism (Indiana University Press) 2007 A.D. Note: Page 9 to 10 of the source. Note: Page 10 of the source. This source confirms that Yemenite Jews can definitely be considered to be a black, negroid people if they an African American is mistaken for being an Ethiopian or Yemenite Jew.
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Yemenite Jews Were Confused With African Americans

Yemenite Jews Were Confused With African Americans

Source: Sephardic Jews in America (NYU Press) 2012 A.D. Note: Page 116 of the Sephardic Jews source. This is important because Yemenite Jews may be considered to be remnants of ancient second Temple Jews. Taking this into account, the fact that they can be confused with an average African American clearly shows that in modern racial standards they are a black people and thus some of the ancient Israelites may have been black.
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Romans Categorized Peoples by the Physical Appearance, Not By Parentage or ‘Blood’-Roman Perception of Mediterranean Phenotype was ‘albus or leukos’ (White) But Not Too White

Romans Categorized Peoples by the Physical Appearance, Not By Parentage or ‘Blood’-Roman Perception of Mediterranean Phenotype was ‘albus or leukos’ (White) But Not Too White

Source: Roman Perceptions of Blacks (Virginia Tech University Libraries) 1993 A.D. From the source, "Abstract. Certain preconceptions about 'blacks' in predominantly 'white' societies have distorted modern visions of the ways in which Aethiopes were perceived in Roman society, resulting in much misinterpretation of the relevant texts. In Roman perceptions categories like black African, white, 'paleface' and swarthy were neither communities nor socially defined 'races' with ascribed group-statuses. Categorisation was determined by the physical appearance of the individual person, not by parentage or 'blood'...Wiesen saw this text as evidence of a Roman perception of blacks as natural inferiors of 'the white…
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