Columbia University Press

10th Century A.D. Islamic Commentary on “Negroes”-Nubians, Bijah (Beja), Zaghawah, the Murawah (Meroe), the Istan, and the Barbar (Berbers)-Nabataeans

10th Century A.D. Islamic Commentary on “Negroes”-Nubians, Bijah (Beja), Zaghawah, the Murawah (Meroe), the Istan, and the Barbar (Berbers)-Nabataeans

Source: The Fihrist of Al-Nadim: A Tenth-Century Survey of Muslim Culture (Columbia University Press) 1970 A.D Note: Page 35 of the source. Note: Page 36 of the source. Note: Page 730 of the source. Note: Page 731 of the source. Note: Page 811 of the source. Note: Page 863 of the source. Note: Page 917 of the source. Note: Page 918 of the source. This source confirms yet again that in the medieval epoch Berbers were seen as being black. The Himyarite connection to the Abyssinians is confirmed yet again. The multi-cultural nature of the Nubians is confirmed because they…
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It Was Known that Jews were Physically Black-Portuguese Jews were Black

It Was Known that Jews were Physically Black-Portuguese Jews were Black

Source: Shakespeare and the Jews (Columbia University Press) 1996 A.D. Note: From page 170 of the source. Note: Page 171 of the source. Note: From page 197 of the source. This source reaffirms the notion that Jews in previous generations often being described as being black.
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