“Living Sources” Should Not Be Overlooked-Jews Were Under Protection of The Moors In Timbuktu

“Living Sources” Should Not Be Overlooked-Jews Were Under Protection of The Moors In Timbuktu

Source: Cultural Sociology of the Middle East, Asia, & Africa: Middle East (Sage Publications) 2012 A.D. Note: Page 158 of the source. Note: Page 158 of the source. Note: Page 158 of the source. Note: Page 159 of the source. Note: Page 159 of the source. Note: Page 159 of the source. Note: Page 159 of the source. This source confirms the Jewish presence in all four corners of Africa.
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In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

Source: Hybrid Hate, Conflations of Antisemitism & Anti-Black Racism from the Renaissance to the Third Reich (Oxford University Press) 2020 A.D. From the source, " Blacks and Jews in the Western Imaginaire Attempts to account for human difference almost always positioned blacks and Jews outside the normative human frame, as we have seen in the case of Bruno, Vanini, La Peyrère, Kames, Voltaire, and many others, and this fact forms part of the etiology of the sickness of anti-black racism and Jew hatred. As far as blacks were concerned, color itself, the most obvious of human differences, played a major…
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Free Negro Owners of Slaves Included Nunes and Levi (Signature Sephardic Jewish Names)

Free Negro Owners of Slaves Included Nunes and Levi (Signature Sephardic Jewish Names)

Source: Free Negro owners of slaves in the United States in 1830, together with Absentee ownership of slaves in the United States in 1830 (University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign) 1924 A.D. Note: Page v of the Free Negro owners source. Note: Page vi of the Free Negro owners source. Note: Page vii of the Free Negro owners source. Note: Page 3 of the source. Note: Page 18 of the Free Negro source. This source highlights the historical point that although the vast majority of blacks in America were enslaved, there was a relatively substantial amount that was not. The Nunes and…
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In 1665 A.D. A Portuguese Jew in Jamaica was Called A “Black Jew”

In 1665 A.D. A Portuguese Jew in Jamaica was Called A “Black Jew”

Source: Fascinating 'Malata Jue' Story in Marcus' New York  (The Detroit Jewish News) 1969 A.D. This newspaper story tells of a Jew from 1668 America. Solomon was listed as a "malata Jue". The source tells us that the Englishmen of that time period thought the Jews were dark-skinned. The source then tells us in 1665 that a "respectable Portuguese Jew" in Jamaica was called "a black Jew". The source tells us that F.L. Cardozo, a famous Jew in America during the Civil War time frame, was of Negro descent. The source also tells us that the term "mulatto" was occasionally…
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Mathias de Sousa was Possibly a Portuguese Jew in Colonial Maryland

Mathias de Sousa was Possibly a Portuguese Jew in Colonial Maryland

Source: Defining race and identity in early Md. (The Baltimore Sun) 2001 A.D. From the source, " BLACK HISTORY Month offers an opportunity to spotlight the history and achievements of African people and their descendants in America. In Maryland, we celebrate the lives of men and women like Benjamin Banneker, Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman. It may seem ironic that in observance of the first Black History Month of the millennium, we question the identity of an official Maryland first: Mathias de Sousa -- widely celebrated as the first black man to vote in the Maryland legislature. We do not question…
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Black Jews Along The Niger

Black Jews Along The Niger

Source: Zakhor (Jewish Virtual Library) 2008 A.D. From the source, " ZAKHOR (Heb. "Remember"), black Judaizing movement in Mali comprising around 1,000 people. It was founded in Timbuktu in 1993 by the Malian historian Ismael Daidé Haïdara, whose followers claim to be the offspring of Saharan Jews. In a manifesto published in 1996, the members of Zakhor recognize themselves as Jews and declare themselves to be descendants of the Jews of Touat. The Touat, the region at the limit of the Sahara in western Algeria, was, up to 1492, inhabited by Jews involved in trans-Saharan trade. At that time, Sheikh Abd…
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The Ibo Jews Descend From the Tribe of Gad, Zevulun, Menashe, Levitical Migrants, Judeans, and Asher

The Ibo Jews Descend From the Tribe of Gad, Zevulun, Menashe, Levitical Migrants, Judeans, and Asher

Source: Nigeria Virtual Jewish History Tour (Jewish Virtual Library) 2020 A.D. From the source, "According to oral traditions, the Ibo have resided in “Iboland,” a region of modern-day Nigeria, for over 1500 years. Before that, the tradition asserts that they were migrants from ancient Israel. There exist a number of theories that explain from whom the Ibo are descendant, and how they came to reside in Nigeria. One theory contends that the Ibo are the descendants of one of the lost tribes. Ibo Jews The Ibo of Benei Gath are said to have descended from Gath (Gad), the eighth son of Jacob. The…
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Jews Are Further West than Carthage

Jews Are Further West than Carthage

Source: CARTHAGE (Jewish Encyclopedia) 1906 A.D. From the source, "  The city, called   ("New City") in native inscriptions (Lidzbarski, "Nordsemitische Epigraphik," i. 365), is mentioned in Jewish writings since Talmudic times only as   ("Ḳarthigini"), a name equivalent to the Byzantine form Kαρϑαγένη and in agreement with the Syriac (Payne Smith, "Thes. Syr." cols. 3744, 3765), the Greek form Kαρχηδών being found with the latter. Notwithstanding the peculiar form, perhaps chosen with reference to the founder Dido ( + γυνή, "Woman-City"), the Hebrew word certainly designates Carthage in Africa, not Cartagena in Spain... Although Carthage is not mentioned in the Bible,…
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In Proto-Shemitic-Hamitic Peoples, Descent was Traced Through the Mother-Female Divinity Worship

In Proto-Shemitic-Hamitic Peoples, Descent was Traced Through the Mother-Female Divinity Worship

Source: SEMITES (originally Shemites) (Jewish Encyclopedia) 1906 A.D. From the source, "Formerly, on account of certain animal names common to all the Semitic tongues, it was held by Hommel and others that the Semites separated from the Aryans in the high table-lands of Turkestan and wandered to Babylonia, whence they spread over the Arabian Peninsula and Syria. This view is now generally abandoned, most scholars agreeing that Arabia was the cradle-land of the Semites, while North Africa was that of the united Hamito-Semitic race, and that the Semites in prehistoric times separated from their kinsmen and migrated to Arabia, where…
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Queen Mothers in the Old Testament

Queen Mothers in the Old Testament

Source: Queen Mother (Bible Study Tools) 2021 A.D. From the source, " QUEEN MOTHER (gebhirah, literally, "mistress," then a female ruler, and sometimes simply the wife of a king ("queen," 1 Kings 11:19); in Daniel 5:10 the term malketha' "queen," really means the mother of the king): It stands to reason that among a people whose rulers are polygamists the mother of the new king or chief at once becomes a person of great consequence. The records of the Books of Kings prove it. The gebhirah, or queen mother, occupied a position of high social and political importance; she took rank almost with the…
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