Medieval

The First Wave of Sephardic Immigrants in Medieval England Had Dark Skin Like That of Shakespeare’s Moor

The First Wave of Sephardic Immigrants in Medieval England Had Dark Skin Like That of Shakespeare’s Moor

Source: Passing Fancies in Jewish American Literature and Culture (Indiana University Press) 2019 A.D. Note: Page 3 of the source. This source groups medieval Sephardic Jews with Moors and states both of them had dark skin, but they were also "black" due to their immorality.
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10th Century A.D. Islamic Commentary on “Negroes”-Nubians, Bijah (Beja), Zaghawah, the Murawah (Meroe), the Istan, and the Barbar (Berbers)-Nabataeans

10th Century A.D. Islamic Commentary on “Negroes”-Nubians, Bijah (Beja), Zaghawah, the Murawah (Meroe), the Istan, and the Barbar (Berbers)-Nabataeans

Source: The Fihrist of Al-Nadim: A Tenth-Century Survey of Muslim Culture (Columbia University Press) 1970 A.D Note: Page 35 of the source. Note: Page 36 of the source. Note: Page 730 of the source. Note: Page 731 of the source. Note: Page 811 of the source. Note: Page 863 of the source. Note: Page 917 of the source. Note: Page 918 of the source. This source confirms yet again that in the medieval epoch Berbers were seen as being black. The Himyarite connection to the Abyssinians is confirmed yet again. The multi-cultural nature of the Nubians is confirmed because they…
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Medieval West, North, and East Africa was Highly Connected

Medieval West, North, and East Africa was Highly Connected

Source: Gold Road Trade Routes Map (Howard University) 2021 A.D. Note: From the source. This source completely dispels the myths that "medieval West Africa was not connected to North Africa...". This source destroys the artificial barrier that has been erected to divide "sub-Saharan" Africa from "North Africa".
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Ancient and Medieval Gao was Connected to North African Coastal Cities

Ancient and Medieval Gao was Connected to North African Coastal Cities

Source: Discovery of the earliest royal palace in Gao and its implications for the history of West Africa (Open Edition Journals) 2012 A.D. From the Discovery source, "The history of Gao has been reconstructed mainly on the basis of the two Tarikhs of Timbuktu. The early days of Gao, however, which were not described conscientiously in these Tarikhs, have been subjected to polemics in many respects. Our excavations in the archaeological sites of Gao Saney and Gao city since 2001 have provided new data that offer an original approach for rewriting the early history of Gao. According to these data, the archaeological site…
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The Travels of Ibn Battuta Speak of Berbers Being Black and Copts, Berbers, Abyssinians, and Nubians Being Related To Ham

The Travels of Ibn Battuta Speak of Berbers Being Black and Copts, Berbers, Abyssinians, and Nubians Being Related To Ham

Source: The Travels of Ibn Battuta: in the Near East, Asia and Africa, 1325-1354 (Courier Corporation) 1325-1354 A.D. Note: Page 43 of the source. Note: Page 44 of the source. Note: Page 45 of the source. Note: Page 279 of the source. Note: Page 290 of the source. This source confirms that there medieval black Berbers they also shared a similar racial and cultural continuum with their Coptic, Abyssinian, and Nubian kin because they all descend from Ham according to this source.
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Historiography and Methods of African History

Historiography and Methods of African History

Source: Historiography and Methods of African History (Oxford Bibliographies) 2012 A.D. From the source, " Introduction The study of African history as an independent and autonomous focus of scholarship is a recent development. Until the late colonial period, it was widely believed among Western historians that Africa, south of the Sahara, had no “civilization” and thus no history. Others insisted that even if there were events of a historical nature, such a history was unknown and unknowable, since African societies, for the most part, were nonliterate and as such left no records that historians could study. The era of decolonization…
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Advice for Understanding Historiography

Advice for Understanding Historiography

Source: Historiography, What is it? Emily Blanck, Rowan University (Rowan University) 2017 A.D. This source provides more pieces of advice for process of historiography. It may be wise to add these "pearls of wisdom" to your took kit as you traverse through history in trying to understand the black presence in the ancient and medieval world.
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The Art of Historiography

The Art of Historiography

Source: Historical Research Method: Home (Edith Cowan University ) 2012 A.D. Historiography is the study of historical writing. God is blessing us to reclaim our history, so it is important we know what we are looking for and know how to piece history together accurately as we progress. Below is the historical method from Edith Cowan University that one can use for research. Remember to follow the leading of the Holy Spirit in all that you do. From the Historical Research Method source, " Historical research or historiography, "attempts to systematically recapture the complex nuances, the people,meanings,events,and even ideas of the past that have…
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In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

Source: Hybrid Hate, Conflations of Antisemitism & Anti-Black Racism from the Renaissance to the Third Reich (Oxford University Press) 2020 A.D. From the source, " Blacks and Jews in the Western Imaginaire Attempts to account for human difference almost always positioned blacks and Jews outside the normative human frame, as we have seen in the case of Bruno, Vanini, La Peyrère, Kames, Voltaire, and many others, and this fact forms part of the etiology of the sickness of anti-black racism and Jew hatred. As far as blacks were concerned, color itself, the most obvious of human differences, played a major…
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Think For Yourself (Pedigree Is Not Everything)

Think For Yourself (Pedigree Is Not Everything)

Source: MasterClass Live with Neil deGrasse Tyson | MasterClass (Master Class) 2020 A.D. John 4:24 "24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth." 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12 "9 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, 10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. 11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: 12 That they all might be damned who…
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