New World

Nicolas Heale was a Sephardic Jew who was Dark Enough to have Descendants Listed as Free People of Color

Nicolas Heale was a Sephardic Jew who was Dark Enough to have Descendants Listed as Free People of Color

Source: Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America. A Genealogical History (McFarland and Company Inc., Publishers) 2012 A.D. Note: Page 53 of the source. Note: Page 54 of the source. Note: Page 114 of the source. Note Page 265 of the source. This source provides details on a Sephardic Jew during the colonial time period in the New World who was so dark that he had descendants who were classified as free persons of color several generations later. This source potentially points to other dark skinned individuals who may have been "black" and/or "mixed" in our modern vernacular or they…
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Some Of the Names Associated with Afro-Iberians were “Spanish blacks”, “Portuguese”, and “black Portuguese”

Some Of the Names Associated with Afro-Iberians were “Spanish blacks”, “Portuguese”, and “black Portuguese”

Source: Atlantic Africa and the Spanish Caribbean, 1570-1640 (The University of North Carolina Press) 2016 A.D. Note: Page 144 of the source. Note: Page 147 of the source. Note: Page 148 of the source. This source talks of Afro-Iberians being called "Spanish blacks", "black Portuguese" or just "Portuguese" and how in many cases they came to the Caribbean as freemen and women. These were different names for Spanish and Portuguese Jews. This source is key because it shows that some blacks came to the New World as freemen and freewomen and not as slaves or indentured servants which goes against…
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Africans in the New World were Multilingual and had Spanish or Portuguese Names

Africans in the New World were Multilingual and had Spanish or Portuguese Names

Source: African American Voices: A Documentary Reader, 1619-1877 (John Wiley & Sons) 2009 A.D. Note: Page16 of the source. This source provides important racial and cultural context that helps one to understand that it is plausible to have relatively large numbers of black and mixed Spanish and Portuguese Jews come into the New World.
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New World Encyclopedia States That Various Historians Recorded The Queen of Sheba Was Ruler of Ethiopia, Egypt, and Arabia

New World Encyclopedia States That Various Historians Recorded The Queen of Sheba Was Ruler of Ethiopia, Egypt, and Arabia

Source: Queen of Sheba (New World Encyclopedia) 2021 A.D. From the Queen of Sheba source, "The Queen of Sheba, (tenth century B.C.E.), also known as Makeda (Ethiopian), Nicaula (Roman), and Bilquis (Arabic), was the ruler of an ancient kingdom located in the areas called Ethiopia and Yemen today...The tradition that the Biblical Queen of Sheba was a ruler of Ethiopia who visited King Solomon in Jerusalem, in ancient Israel, is supported by the first century C.E. (of Jewish origin) historian Flavius Josephus, who identified Solomon’s visitor as a "Queen of Egypt and Ethiopia...Other Ethiopian accounts make her the daughter of a king named Agabo or Agabos, in some legends said to have become king after slaying the mythological…
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Spanish and Portuguese Jews Were Black: Yahya Negro and the Transatlantic Slave Trade-Different Names For Spanish and Portuguese Jews While They Were In Europe

Spanish and Portuguese Jews Were Black: Yahya Negro and the Transatlantic Slave Trade-Different Names For Spanish and Portuguese Jews While They Were In Europe

Source: Origins of a Creole: The History of Papiamentu and Its African Ties (De Gruyter Mouton) 2012 A.D. Source: The critical review, or annals of literature Volume 57 (Bavarian State Library) 1783 A.D. Source: Atlantic Africa and the Spanish Caribbean, 1570-1640 (The University of North Carolina Press) 2016 A.D Broad Overview For Understanding The Spanish and Portuguese Jews https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VAGNdUhOgHA&list=PLLRj2hh04j01vae-zm2PNQ-Nn74Wbz_YL This post is a combination of numerous presentations and sources that all point to the Spanish and Portuguese Jews being black, exiled to West Africa, and then sent as slaves to the Americas and to the four corners of the world…
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