Oxford University Press

In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

Source: Hybrid Hate, Conflations of Antisemitism & Anti-Black Racism from the Renaissance to the Third Reich (Oxford University Press) 2020 A.D. From the source, " Blacks and Jews in the Western Imaginaire Attempts to account for human difference almost always positioned blacks and Jews outside the normative human frame, as we have seen in the case of Bruno, Vanini, La Peyrère, Kames, Voltaire, and many others, and this fact forms part of the etiology of the sickness of anti-black racism and Jew hatred. As far as blacks were concerned, color itself, the most obvious of human differences, played a major…
Read More
The Greeks and Romans Described Egyptians as Having Darker Skin than Other Mediterranean Groups

The Greeks and Romans Described Egyptians as Having Darker Skin than Other Mediterranean Groups

Source: Domesticating Empire: Egyptian Landscapes in Pompeian Gardens (Oxford University Press) 2019 A.D. Note: Page 55 of the source. This source confirms yet again that ancient Egyptians were typically considered to be a dark-skinned population in the minds of Greco-Roman individuals.
Read More
Ancient Black Presence in the Minoan Civilization

Ancient Black Presence in the Minoan Civilization

Source: Race and the Writing of History: Riddling the Sphinx (Oxford University Press) 2000 A.D. Note: Page 38 of the source. Note: Page 76 of the source. Note: Page 80 of the source. Note: Page 117 of the source. Note: Page 118 of the source. Note: Page 118 of the source. Note: Page 119 of the source. Note: Page 126 of the source. Note: Page 126 of the source. Note: Page 129 of the source. Note: Page 129 of the source. Note: Page 130 of the source. Note: Page 130 of the source. Note: Page 130 of the source. Note:…
Read More
“In Neo-Assyrian Reliefs, the Hebrews deported from Lachish are depicted with …kinky hair…”

“In Neo-Assyrian Reliefs, the Hebrews deported from Lachish are depicted with …kinky hair…”

Source: Race and Slavery in the Middle East An Historical Enquiry (Oxford University Press) 1992 A.D. Note: Page 110 of the source. This source provides commentary regarding the features depicted on the individuals on the Lachish reliefs. One can argue the "kinky hair" and "tightly curled beards" are "negroid". Some dark-skinned peoples do have "straight, protruding noses", as well.
Read More
The Word “Melas” and “Kyanos” Was Used Interchangeably For Both Egyptians and Ethiopians in the Hesiod

The Word “Melas” and “Kyanos” Was Used Interchangeably For Both Egyptians and Ethiopians in the Hesiod

Source: Hesiod's Theogony (Oxford University Press) 1978 A.D. Note: Page 292 of the source. Dr. Martin West (the author of the Hesiod Works source) is regarded as being the most brilliant scholar in regards to Greek translations in his generation, so the fact that he said both Ethiopians and Egyptians were kyaneos or kyanoi (dark) tells you everything you need to know about how the Ethiopians and Egyptian both looked in the eyes of the early Greeks. These were both groups of black peoples of varying shades of brown and black hues and hair textures. Kyaneos and melas were used…
Read More
Crete-Late Minoan ll-Troy IV-18th Dynasty Egypt-Upper Egypt was Ethiopia-Berbers-Egyptian was a Superscription for Generic Blackness

Crete-Late Minoan ll-Troy IV-18th Dynasty Egypt-Upper Egypt was Ethiopia-Berbers-Egyptian was a Superscription for Generic Blackness

Source: African Athena: New Agendas (Oxford University Press) 2011 A.D. Note: Page 36 of the source. Note: 76 of the source. Note: Page 235 of the source. Note: Page 239 to 240 of the source. Note: Page 241 of the source. Note: Page 241 of the source. Note: Page 242 of the source. Note: Page 244 of the source. Note: Page 245 of the source. Note: Page 246 of the source. Note: Page 246 to 247 of the source. Note: Page 247 of the source. Note: Page 247 of the source. Note: Page 248 of the source. Connects to the…
Read More
The Ancient Pre-Rabbinic Text Known as “Joseph and Aseneth”-Jacob’s Hair is “Thick and Full” Like An Ethiopian’s

The Ancient Pre-Rabbinic Text Known as “Joseph and Aseneth”-Jacob’s Hair is “Thick and Full” Like An Ethiopian’s

Source: Ancient Jewish Novels: An Anthology (Oxford University Press) 2002 A.D. Note: 153 of the source. This ancient source likens Jacob's hair unto an Ethiopian's once more. This source was written well after Jacob's life on this earth, but it still paints a picture that some ancient individuals like this author had a clear image of how Jacob's hair should look.
Read More
8th Century Rabbinic Insight Said Shem and Ham were Black-Nabit were “Black”

8th Century Rabbinic Insight Said Shem and Ham were Black-Nabit were “Black”

Source: Struggles in the Promised Land: Toward a History of Black-Jewish Relations in The United States (Oxford University Press) 1997 A.D. Note: Page 37 of the source. Note: Page 45 of the source. This source contains rabbinic commentary from the 8th Century. This source shows that Rabbi Eliezer clearly stated that both Shem and Ham are black.
Read More