Phoenicians

Godfrey Higgins Mentions That 12th Century Edrisi Noted That Jews Were on the West Coast of Africa

Godfrey Higgins Mentions That 12th Century Edrisi Noted That Jews Were on the West Coast of Africa

Source: Anacalypsis (London: : Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman, Paternoster Row) 1836 A.D. Note: Page 603 of the source. Note: Page 604 of the source. This source is a short summary of key Hebrewisms in Africa by the reputable scholar Godfrey Higgins. Godfrey Higgins makes a quick reference to the tribe of Juda possibly migrating to West Africa like Guinea. Godfrey Higgins mentions Edrisi mentioning Jews being in the area of Lamlem which others have noted and the Ashantee country is mentioned. This source also mentions Canaanites fleeing into Africa which other sources have noted, as well. There…
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Historiography and Methods of African History

Historiography and Methods of African History

Source: Historiography and Methods of African History (Oxford Bibliographies) 2012 A.D. From the source, " Introduction The study of African history as an independent and autonomous focus of scholarship is a recent development. Until the late colonial period, it was widely believed among Western historians that Africa, south of the Sahara, had no “civilization” and thus no history. Others insisted that even if there were events of a historical nature, such a history was unknown and unknowable, since African societies, for the most part, were nonliterate and as such left no records that historians could study. The era of decolonization…
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The Art of Historiography

The Art of Historiography

Source: Historical Research Method: Home (Edith Cowan University ) 2012 A.D. Historiography is the study of historical writing. God is blessing us to reclaim our history, so it is important we know what we are looking for and know how to piece history together accurately as we progress. Below is the historical method from Edith Cowan University that one can use for research. Remember to follow the leading of the Holy Spirit in all that you do. From the Historical Research Method source, " Historical research or historiography, "attempts to systematically recapture the complex nuances, the people,meanings,events,and even ideas of the past that have…
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The Silures (Associated with Phoenicians) of Tacitus’ Time were Dark-Complexioned

The Silures (Associated with Phoenicians) of Tacitus’ Time were Dark-Complexioned

Source: Anthropological review, Volume 8 (Bavarian State Library) 1870 A.D. Note: Page 202 of the source. This source confirms yet again that the Silures, who were associated with the Phoenicians, were a dark-skinned people. This aligns with other sources we have on this website regarding locations in association with the Phoenicians have negroid populations, negroid artistic expression, and DNA that attests to "sub-Saharan" African ancestry in association with the Phoenicians.
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Sub-Saharan DNA Related to Phoenicians

Sub-Saharan DNA Related to Phoenicians

Source: Population history of the Sardinian people inferred from whole-genome sequencing (bioRxiv) 2016 A.D. From the source, "The ADMIXTURE and PCA analyses above (Figure 4) suggest that Sardinian samples, such as those outside of Ogliastra, may show some evidence of admixture with mainland sources, consistent with previous reports (Moorjani et al. 2011, Loh et al. 2013, Hellenthal et al. 2014). For example, Cagliari individuals demonstrated ~7% of a non-Sardinian (“purple”) component that is found in substantial fraction among extant individuals from Southern Europe, Middle East, Caucasus, and North Africa. To assess this in detail we used the f3-test for admixture (Patterson et…
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Sub-Saharan Ancestry Related to Phoenicians

Sub-Saharan Ancestry Related to Phoenicians

Source: Ancient mitogenomes of Phoenicians from Sardinia and Lebanon: A story of settlement, integration, and female mobility (PLOS) 2018 A.D. From the source, "The proposed Phoenician lineages, W5, N1b1a5 and X2b are not found in Sardinians today, suggesting rare introductions, of the nature of single individuals rather than as representative of major colonizing groups. We suggest that N1b1a5 could be an introduction from Carthage or some other North African location within the Phoenician network. It is therefore interesting that Chiang et al. [63] do find evidence in the whole-genome data of a small degree of what they suggest may be…
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Phoenicia Meant “(Dark) red,” Which Could have Been Due to their Dark Skin

Phoenicia Meant “(Dark) red,” Which Could have Been Due to their Dark Skin

Source: Zondervan Illustrated Bible Dictionary (Zondervan) 2011 A.D. Note: Page 1129 of the source. Utilizing Occam's Razor and how appellatives were assigned in the ancient world, it makes most sense that Phoenicians were designated "(dark) red" due to their "dark skin".
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Based on Ancient Accounts, the Phoenicians First Dwelt Upon the Erythrean Sea

Based on Ancient Accounts, the Phoenicians First Dwelt Upon the Erythrean Sea

Source: Extracts from Report on the Islands and Antiquities of Bahrein (Cambridge University Press) 1880 A.D. Note: Page 192 of the source. This source confirms that the Phoenicians were originally located on the horn of Africa and/or southern Arabia. It is likely that they were on both sides of the Red Sea before migrating upon the coast of Syria. Sense the Phoenicians originated around the Erythrean Sea area, we can infer that that they were black in the beginning (maintaining at least some black presence throughout their expansion) due to them being potentially being located on the horn of Africa…
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Refuting Islamic Influence Being the Sole Reason Connections Exist Between West Africa and the Ancient Near East (ANE)

Refuting Islamic Influence Being the Sole Reason Connections Exist Between West Africa and the Ancient Near East (ANE)

Source: Islamic Feedback or Ancient near Eastern Survivals? A Reply to David Henige (Frobenius Institute) 2008 A.D. Note: Page 253 of the source. Note: Page 253 of the source. Note: Page 254 of the source. Note: Page 254 of the source. Note: Page 255 of the source. Note: Page 255 of the source. Note: Page 256 of the source. Note: Page 256 of the source. Note: Page 257 of the source. Note: Page 257 of the source. Note: Page 258 of the source. Note: Page 258 of the source. Note: Page 259 of the source. Note: Page 259 of the…
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Phoenician Civilization Spread From the Northern Regions of Africa Through The Sahara

Phoenician Civilization Spread From the Northern Regions of Africa Through The Sahara

Source: The Dying and rising god in the New Year festival of Ife (Ancient Kingdoms of West Africa: African-Centred and Canaanite-Israelite Perspectives) 2004 A.D. Note: Page 343 of the source. Note: Page 344 of the source. Note: Page 344 of the source. Note: Page 345 of the source. Note: Page 345 of the source. Note: Page 346 of the source. Note: Page 346 of the source. Note: Page 347 of the source. Note: Page 347 of the source. Note: Page 348 of the source. Note: Page 349 of the source. Note: Page 350 of the source. Note: Page 350 of…
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