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1 Peter wasn’t written to the Christian Church. It was written to Christ following Hebrews scattered by slavery. Maybe this is a new concept to you and maybe it’s not, but I can admit that it’s new to me. European theology tends to teach that Peter was writing to Christians in general, but closer inspection of the text seems to say otherwise. Before you read this study, it is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED that you read the following study first, so that you understand how I’ve reached my conclusions:
Chapter 1: The Opening Verses
“Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.” – 1 Peter 1:1-2
The understanding that the elect are indeed Hebrews, while the called are all other believers, is important here. Peter is talking to the “strangers scattered” and “elect”. Identifying them as “elect” is the first indication that he’s not talking to a scattered Christian Church, but to Hebrews. This itself isn’t enough to reach a solid conclusion, but as we move forward, we’ll see more evidence to support the theory.
Peter Refers To Hebrew History
As chapter 1 continues, Peter refers several times to the history of the people he is talking to. This is another key indicator that the letter was written specifically to scattered Hebrew Christ Followers.
“That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ: Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory: Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you…” – 1 Peter 1:7-10
Here’s What We Know
Chapter 2: A Message Hidden In Plain Sight
In chapter 2 Peter goes out of his way to make sure that those that message is meant for understand that it is meant for them. He does this several times.
“But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.” – 1 Peter 2:9-10
- Peculiar People (Exodus 19:5)
- Royal Priesthood (Exodus 19:6)
- Holy Nation (Exodus 19:6)
- Chosen Generation (Isaiah 43:1-10)
Why Were They Not A Nation?
- Scattered Israelites had no connection to the Israelite nation.
- Scattered Israelites could not make the required sacrifices to obtain forgiveness.
Chapter 3: The Blueprint To Hebrew Unity
Chapter 4: The Coming Judgement
Chapter 5: The Duty of The Elders