Sub-Saharan DNA in Arabia and Yemen

Sub-Saharan DNA in Arabia and Yemen

Source: Saudi Arabian Y-Chromosome diversity and its relationship with nearby regions (BMC Genomic Data) 2009 A.D. From the source, "Saudi Arabia differentiates from other Arabian Peninsula countries by a higher presence of J2-M172 lineages. It is significantly different from Yemen mainly due to a comparative reduction of sub-Saharan Africa E1-M123 and Levantine J1-M267 male lineages. Around 14% of the Saudi Arabia Y-chromosome pool is typical of African biogeographic ancestry, 17% arrived to the area from the East across Iran, while the remainder 69% could be considered of direct or indirect Levantine ascription. Interestingly, basal E-M96* (n = 2) and J-M304*…
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Mahalanobis Analysis Revealed Close Affinities Between Nubians and Egyptians

Mahalanobis Analysis Revealed Close Affinities Between Nubians and Egyptians

Source: An Examination of Nubian and Egyptian Biological Distance: Support for Biological Diffusion or In Situ Development? (Journal of Comparative Human Biology) 2009 A.D. Note: Page 397 of the source. Note: Page 398 to 399 of the source. Note: Page 399 of the source. Note: Page 399 of the source. Note: Page 401 of the source. This source confirms the biological affinities between ancient Egyptians and Nubians.
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Biblical Patriarchs in the Traditions of Kanem-Bornu

Biblical Patriarchs in the Traditions of Kanem-Bornu

Source: Biblical patriarchs from a pre-canonical source mentioned in the Diwan of Kanem-Bornu (Lake Chad) (University of Bayreuth) 2009 A.D. Note: Page 588 of the source. Note: Page 588 of the source. Note: Page 589 of the source. Note: Page 589 of the source. Note: Page 590 of the source. Note: Page 590 of the source. Note: Page 591 of the source. Note: Page 591 of the source. Note: Page 592 of the source. Note: Page 592 of the source. Note: Page 593 of the source. Note: Page 593 of the source. Note: Page 594 of the source. Note: Page…
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Part of Shem’s Allotment is in Africa

Part of Shem’s Allotment is in Africa

Source: The Dead Sea Genesis Apocryphon: A New Text and Translation with Introduction and Special Treatment of Columns 13-17 (Brill) 2009 A.D. Note: Page 111 of the source. Note: Page 111 of the source. Note: Page 111 of the source. Note: Page 111 of the source. Note: Page 112 of the source. Note: Page 112 of the source. Note: Page 112 of the source. This source confirms the notion that Afra, Fara, and Aferag were all early terms for Africa. This means that a part of Shem's allotment lays in Africa, especially West Africa. The Mediterranean is the point in…
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857 A.D. to 865 A.D. in Bari, Italy Seodan was a Moorish Amir of Sub-Saharan African Ancestry

857 A.D. to 865 A.D. in Bari, Italy Seodan was a Moorish Amir of Sub-Saharan African Ancestry

Source: The Muslims of Medieval Italy (Edinburgh University Press) 2009 A.D. Note: Page 21 of the source. This source confirms yet again that Moors who were black played substantial roles in Moorish forces. This is important because it can be argued that Jews and Moors shared a similar racial continuum.
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Black Marrano Girl-Marrano Referred to Spanish and Portuguese Jews and Moors

Black Marrano Girl-Marrano Referred to Spanish and Portuguese Jews and Moors

Source: Jewish Poet and Intellectual in Seventeenth-Century Venice The Works of Sarra Copia Sulam in Verse and Prose Along with Writings of Her Contemporaries in Her Praise, Condemnation, Or Defense (University of Chicago Press) 2009 A.D. Note: Page 56 of the source. Note: Page 361 of the source. Note: Page 361 of the source. Note: Page 361 of the source. Note: Page 575 of the source. This source shows that individuals being called "black" and "Marrano" indicated that they were black Jews or Moors. This source confirms that words like "moro" and "la Negra" denoted black/dark skin.
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Africans in the New World were Multilingual and had Spanish or Portuguese Names

Africans in the New World were Multilingual and had Spanish or Portuguese Names

Source: African American Voices: A Documentary Reader, 1619-1877 (John Wiley & Sons) 2009 A.D. Note: Page16 of the source. This source provides important racial and cultural context that helps one to understand that it is plausible to have relatively large numbers of black and mixed Spanish and Portuguese Jews come into the New World.
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Depiction of Asiatic Offering Jasper During the New Kingdom Epoch

Depiction of Asiatic Offering Jasper During the New Kingdom Epoch

Source: Asiatic Offering Jasper (The Global Egyptian Museum) Note: From the source. From the source, "Asiatic offering jasper...This fragment of a wall painting comes from the Theban tomb of Huy, viceroy of Nubia. It was once part of a scene depicting Asiatics bringing gifts to the pharaoh, including baskets filled with red jasper or with lapis lazuli." This source confirms that Asiatic people came in varying shades of brown.
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First Coin Showed Athena as a Black Woman-Medusa’s “Hair” Turning to Snakes Possibly Alludes to Dreadlocks

First Coin Showed Athena as a Black Woman-Medusa’s “Hair” Turning to Snakes Possibly Alludes to Dreadlocks

Source: The Cult of Divine Birth in Ancient Greece (Palgrave Macmillan) 2009 A.D. Note: Page 30 of the source. Note: Page 32 to 33 of the source. Note: Page 52 of the source. Note: Page 53 of the source. Note: Page 53 to 54 of the source. Note: Page 54 of the source. Note: Page 55 of the source. Note: Page 59 of the source. Note: 60 of the source. Note: Page 71 of the source. Note: Page 72 of the source. Note: Page 75 of the source. Note: Page 81 of the source. Note: Page 86 of the source.…
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