Ancient and Medieval Gao was Connected to North African Coastal Cities

Ancient and Medieval Gao was Connected to North African Coastal Cities

Source: Discovery of the earliest royal palace in Gao and its implications for the history of West Africa (Open Edition Journals) 2012 A.D. From the Discovery source, "The history of Gao has been reconstructed mainly on the basis of the two Tarikhs of Timbuktu. The early days of Gao, however, which were not described conscientiously in these Tarikhs, have been subjected to polemics in many respects. Our excavations in the archaeological sites of Gao Saney and Gao city since 2001 have provided new data that offer an original approach for rewriting the early history of Gao. According to these data, the archaeological site…
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Historiography and Methods of African History

Historiography and Methods of African History

Source: Historiography and Methods of African History (Oxford Bibliographies) 2012 A.D. From the source, " Introduction The study of African history as an independent and autonomous focus of scholarship is a recent development. Until the late colonial period, it was widely believed among Western historians that Africa, south of the Sahara, had no “civilization” and thus no history. Others insisted that even if there were events of a historical nature, such a history was unknown and unknowable, since African societies, for the most part, were nonliterate and as such left no records that historians could study. The era of decolonization…
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In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

Source: Hybrid Hate, Conflations of Antisemitism & Anti-Black Racism from the Renaissance to the Third Reich (Oxford University Press) 2020 A.D. From the source, " Blacks and Jews in the Western Imaginaire Attempts to account for human difference almost always positioned blacks and Jews outside the normative human frame, as we have seen in the case of Bruno, Vanini, La Peyrère, Kames, Voltaire, and many others, and this fact forms part of the etiology of the sickness of anti-black racism and Jew hatred. As far as blacks were concerned, color itself, the most obvious of human differences, played a major…
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Kedar Meant “dark”, “black skin”, “black skinned man”

Kedar Meant “dark”, “black skin”, “black skinned man”

Source: Kedar (Study Light) 2021 A.D. From the source, " Kedar = “dark” 1) a son of Ishmael (noun proper masculine) 2) the descendants of Kedar (noun proper people)... (“black skin,” “black skinned man,”) [Kedar], pr.n. of a son of Ishmael, Genesis 25:13 and of an Arabian tribe sprung from him, Song of Solomon 1:5; Isaiah 42:11 (where it is joined with a fem.); 60:7 Jeremiah 49:28; Ezekiel 27:21 more fully called בְּנֵי קֵדָר Isaiah 21:17 by Pliny (H. N. 5:11), Cedrei. The Rabbins call all the Arabians universally by this name; whence לשון קדר Rabbin. used of the Arabic language." This source reinforces the notion that Kedar, a descendant of Abraham, was…
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Ceuta (Arabic Sebta) in Morocco Was Founded By Shem

Ceuta (Arabic Sebta) in Morocco Was Founded By Shem

Source: Ceuta (Encyclopedia.com) 2018 A.D. From the source, "CEUTA (Arabic Sebta ), Spanish enclave on the northwest coast of Morocco, 16 miles dirctly south of Gibraltar. According to legend, it was founded by Shem, the son of Noah." This source confirms the notion that a part of Shem's allotment lays in Africa.
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11th Century Berber, Almoravid Ruler Yusuf ibn Tashfin’s Brown Skin and Woolly Hair

11th Century Berber, Almoravid Ruler Yusuf ibn Tashfin’s Brown Skin and Woolly Hair

Source: Yusuf ibn Tashfin (New World Encyclopedia) 2021 A.D. From the source, "Yusuf ibn Tashfin or Tashafin (reigned c. 1061 - 1106) (Arabic: يوسف بن تاشفين or يوسف بن تشفين) was an ethnic Berber and Almoravid ruler in North Africa and Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia)...The Almoravid confederation, which consisted of a hierarchy of Lamtuna, Musaffa and Djudalla Berbers, represented the military's elite. Amongst them were Andalusian Christians and Africans, taking up duties as diwan al-gund, Yusuf's own personal bodyguard; including 2,000 black horsemen, whose tasks also included registering soldiers and making sure they were compensated financially..."A wise and shrewd man, neither too prompt in his determinations, nor too slow in carrying them into effect," Yusuf…
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New World Encyclopedia States That Various Historians Recorded The Queen of Sheba Was Ruler of Ethiopia, Egypt, and Arabia

New World Encyclopedia States That Various Historians Recorded The Queen of Sheba Was Ruler of Ethiopia, Egypt, and Arabia

Source: Queen of Sheba (New World Encyclopedia) 2021 A.D. From the Queen of Sheba source, "The Queen of Sheba, (tenth century B.C.E.), also known as Makeda (Ethiopian), Nicaula (Roman), and Bilquis (Arabic), was the ruler of an ancient kingdom located in the areas called Ethiopia and Yemen today...The tradition that the Biblical Queen of Sheba was a ruler of Ethiopia who visited King Solomon in Jerusalem, in ancient Israel, is supported by the first century C.E. (of Jewish origin) historian Flavius Josephus, who identified Solomon’s visitor as a "Queen of Egypt and Ethiopia...Other Ethiopian accounts make her the daughter of a king named Agabo or Agabos, in some legends said to have become king after slaying the mythological…
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1795: Negroes In Possession of Scriptures Europeans Didn’t Have

1795: Negroes In Possession of Scriptures Europeans Didn’t Have

This account describes Negroes being in possession of the first five books of Moses in Arabic, and also in possession of several other Biblical texts that Europeans didn't have. Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa: Performed in the Years 1795, 1796, and 1797: Last journey, and life. Mungo Park Please Take A Moment To Share If you enjoyed this study, please take a moment to share it. Thanks in advance.
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