Cambridge University Press

Based on Ancient Accounts, the Phoenicians First Dwelt Upon the Erythrean Sea

Based on Ancient Accounts, the Phoenicians First Dwelt Upon the Erythrean Sea

Source: Extracts from Report on the Islands and Antiquities of Bahrein (Cambridge University Press) 1880 A.D. Note: Page 192 of the source. This source confirms that the Phoenicians were originally located on the horn of Africa and/or southern Arabia. It is likely that they were on both sides of the Red Sea before migrating upon the coast of Syria. Sense the Phoenicians originated around the Erythrean Sea area, we can infer that that they were black in the beginning (maintaining at least some black presence throughout their expansion) due to them being potentially being located on the horn of Africa…
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Isidore of Seville’s Etymologies’ Moors were Black by Definition

Isidore of Seville’s Etymologies’ Moors were Black by Definition

Source: Staying Roman: Conquest and Identity in Africa and the Mediterranean, 439–700 (Cambridge University Press) 2012 A.D. Note: Page 269 of the source. Note: Page 270 of the source. Note: Page 270 of the source. Note: Page 270 of the source. Note: Page 271 of the source. Note: Page 271 of the source. Note: Page 271 of the source. This source how an Egyptian arena hunter was a black man and that there was a slave named Niger who was "pitch-black" in body. This source confirms for us that Niger means someone is a dark-skinned, black person and ancient Egyptians…
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Skeletal Remains Previously Considered To Be “Afro-Mediterranean” or “Caucasoid” Now Group With African Negro Samples

Skeletal Remains Previously Considered To Be “Afro-Mediterranean” or “Caucasoid” Now Group With African Negro Samples

Source: The Cambridge History of Africa Volume 2 (Cambridge University Press) 1975 A.D. Note: Page 68 of the source. Note: Page 69 of the source. Note: Page 69 of the source. This source confirms that African Negro crania samples can be grouped into "Afro-Mediterranean" and "Caucasoid" crania groupings and vice versa. This is why we approach the black presence in the ancient Mediterranean Basin from a multi-disciplinary approach because no piece of evidence or approach stands alone. This field of research is far too complex to simply approach it from one way.
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Moors Were “Dark-Skinned” or “Swarthy”-in the Time of Isidore of Seville (600-625 A.D.) Moors were Black By Definition-Some Regarded the Moors as Being Black or Dark (Niger) Individually and Collectively

Moors Were “Dark-Skinned” or “Swarthy”-in the Time of Isidore of Seville (600-625 A.D.) Moors were Black By Definition-Some Regarded the Moors as Being Black or Dark (Niger) Individually and Collectively

Source: Staying Roman: Conquest and Identity in Africa and the Mediterranean, 439-700 (Cambridge University Press) 2012 A.D. Note: Page 269 of the source. Note: Page 269 of the source. This source confirms that the Moors were indeed black people and that "dark (niger)" and "swarthy" were words used to describe black peoples such as the Moors. Please take note that not all of the Moors were black, but many of them were black and some were mixed. This is important because Professor Lucia Chiavola Birnbaum noted that Jews and Moors physically resembled each other.
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The Soninke Oral Tradition States they Came From the Middle East-Their Oral Tradition is Reminiscent of Jacob and Esau

The Soninke Oral Tradition States they Came From the Middle East-Their Oral Tradition is Reminiscent of Jacob and Esau

Source: The Cambridge World History: Volume 5, Expanding Webs of Exchange and Conflict, 500CE–1500CE (Cambridge University Press) 2015 A.D. Note: Page 593 of the source. Note: Page 593 of the source. Note: Page 593 of the source. This source confirms the Middle Eastern origins of the Soninke people once again. They are a Mande/Mandingo people and so are the Bambara.
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Ancient Near Eastern Connections with Peoples Such as the Yoruba

Ancient Near Eastern Connections with Peoples Such as the Yoruba

Source: From Mande to Songhay: Towards a Political and Ethnic History of Medieval Gao (Cambridge University Press) 1994 A.D. Note: Page 287 of the source. Note: Page 290 of the source. Note: Page 291 of the source. Note: Page 291 of the source. Note: Page 292 of the source. This source confirms near eastern connections between West Africa.
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Shem was Originally Black and Pleasing Until Revisions were Made

Shem was Originally Black and Pleasing Until Revisions were Made

Source: Jews and Blacks in the Early Modern World (Cambridge University Press) 2004 A.D. Note: Page 91 of the source. Note: Page 91 of the source. Note: Page 92 of the source. Note: Page 182 of the source. Note: Page 182 of the source. Note: Page 183 of the source. Note: Page 183 of the source. Note: Page 184 of the source. Note: Page 184 of the source. Note: Page 184 of the source. Note: Page 185 of the source. Note: Page 185 of the source. Note: Page 186 of the source. Note: Page 186 of the source. Note: Page…
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