1741 – The Price of Negro Slaves In West Africa

1741 – The Price of Negro Slaves In West Africa

Source: The London Magazine, and Monthly Chronologer (Princeton University) 1741 - pg. 509-510 Excerpt From Page 509 Cowries, a certain type of seashell is used for money in parts of Asia and Africa. Cowrie (cowry) shells used for decorating apparels, making necklaces and playing dice games. Excerpt From Page 510 In 1740 2,400 Cowries were equal to 1 Rupee. Cowries are valued in West Africa, but specifically Guinea, as much as silver and Gold. There they are called "bougies". Cowries are worn as ornaments in necklaces and bracelets. Cowries are described as white. French merchants in Whydah paid 40 pounds…
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Ancient and Medieval Gao was Connected to North African Coastal Cities

Ancient and Medieval Gao was Connected to North African Coastal Cities

Source: Discovery of the earliest royal palace in Gao and its implications for the history of West Africa (Open Edition Journals) 2012 A.D. From the Discovery source, "The history of Gao has been reconstructed mainly on the basis of the two Tarikhs of Timbuktu. The early days of Gao, however, which were not described conscientiously in these Tarikhs, have been subjected to polemics in many respects. Our excavations in the archaeological sites of Gao Saney and Gao city since 2001 have provided new data that offer an original approach for rewriting the early history of Gao. According to these data, the archaeological site…
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1863 A.D. Commentary About Black Jews in the Oasis Waregla

1863 A.D. Commentary About Black Jews in the Oasis Waregla

Source: The Races of the Old World: A Manual of Ethnology (Oxford University) 1863 A.D. Note: Page 178 of the source. Note: Page 185 of the source. Note: Page 236 of the source. Note: Page 238 of the source. Note: Page 238 of the source. This source confirms several things yet again: there are indeed black Jews in North Africa, there are indeed black Arabs, there are black Berbers, the Abyssinians are definitely a black people who range from black to copper-color, and that there are both black Semitic and Hamitic peoples.
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3,000 Year Ancient Near Eastern King

3,000 Year Ancient Near Eastern King

Source: Sculpted head of mystery biblical king found in Israel (NBC News) 2018 A.D. Note: From the source. From the source, " JERUSALEM — An enigmatic sculpture of a king's head dating back nearly 3,000 years has set off a modern-day mystery caper as scholars try to figure out whose face it depicts. The 2-inch sculpture is an exceedingly rare example of figurative art from the Holy Land during the 9th century B.C. — a period associated with biblical kings. Exquisitely preserved but for a bit of missing beard, nothing quite like it has been found before. While scholars are…
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Romans Categorized Peoples by the Physical Appearance, Not By Parentage or ‘Blood’-Roman Perception of Mediterranean Phenotype was ‘albus or leukos’ (White) But Not Too White

Romans Categorized Peoples by the Physical Appearance, Not By Parentage or ‘Blood’-Roman Perception of Mediterranean Phenotype was ‘albus or leukos’ (White) But Not Too White

Source: Roman Perceptions of Blacks (Virginia Tech University Libraries) 1993 A.D. From the source, "Abstract. Certain preconceptions about 'blacks' in predominantly 'white' societies have distorted modern visions of the ways in which Aethiopes were perceived in Roman society, resulting in much misinterpretation of the relevant texts. In Roman perceptions categories like black African, white, 'paleface' and swarthy were neither communities nor socially defined 'races' with ascribed group-statuses. Categorisation was determined by the physical appearance of the individual person, not by parentage or 'blood'...Wiesen saw this text as evidence of a Roman perception of blacks as natural inferiors of 'the white…
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Darius I: A Black Medo-Persian King In The Bible

Darius I: A Black Medo-Persian King In The Bible

When we think of Persians, we often think of what present day Persians look like when we considered how they looked in the past (similar to Elamites). Here's what they look like today: Much like history, the entire area known as the "Middle East" has been whitewashed and appropriated. Persia is no exception. In the Bible, Darius I aka Darius The Great is mentioned in the following books: EzraNehemiahDanielHaggaiZechariah When Darius is depicted in scholarly text or on television, he's often shown not as he is, but as he was imagined by a Greek painter in 1888: What Darius The…
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