The Travels of Ibn Battuta Speak of Berbers Being Black and Copts, Berbers, Abyssinians, and Nubians Being Related To Ham

The Travels of Ibn Battuta Speak of Berbers Being Black and Copts, Berbers, Abyssinians, and Nubians Being Related To Ham

Source: The Travels of Ibn Battuta: in the Near East, Asia and Africa, 1325-1354 (Courier Corporation) 1325-1354 A.D. Note: Page 43 of the source. Note: Page 44 of the source. Note: Page 45 of the source. Note: Page 279 of the source. Note: Page 290 of the source. This source confirms that there medieval black Berbers they also shared a similar racial and cultural continuum with their Coptic, Abyssinian, and Nubian kin because they all descend from Ham according to this source.
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Ethiopians, Cushites, and Erythreans were the Same People-Jews were Of Ethiopian Prolem (Latin for “Offspring”/”Offshoot”)

Ethiopians, Cushites, and Erythreans were the Same People-Jews were Of Ethiopian Prolem (Latin for “Offspring”/”Offshoot”)

Source: A New System, Or, An Analysis of Ancient Mythology Wherein an Attempt is Made to Divest Tradition of Fable; and to Reduce the Truth to Its Original Purity ... (T. Payne ..., P. Elmsly ... B. White ... and J. Walter) 1776 A.D. Genesis 10:6-10, " The Hamites 6 The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan. 7 The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteka. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 8 Cush was the father[a] of Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior on the earth. 9 He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; that is why it is said, “Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10 The first centers…
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1793 A.D. Commentary on the Ancient Black Presence in the Mediterranean

1793 A.D. Commentary on the Ancient Black Presence in the Mediterranean

Source: A Mythological, Etymological, and Historical Dictionary: Extracted from the Analysis of Ancient Mythology (C. Dilly) 1793 A.D. Genesis 10:6-10, " The Hamites 6 The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan. 7 The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah and Sabteka. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 8 Cush was the father[a] of Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior on the earth. 9 He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; that is why it is said, “Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10 The first centers of his kingdom were Babylon, Uruk, Akkad and Kalneh, in[b] Shinar.[c]" Note: Page 20 of the source. Note: Page 21 of the source. Mauri could translate to "black". Note: Page…
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Three Tribes of Ethiopians were the Hesperians, Garamantes, and Indians

Three Tribes of Ethiopians were the Hesperians, Garamantes, and Indians

Source: Ethiopia and India: Fusion and Confusion in British Orientalism (Open Edition Journals) 2016 A.D. From the source, " In fact, Jones and Wilford, whether deliberately or not, whether directly or indirectly, are responding to explicit claims that reach back to Greek antiquity. Speculation about the race and origins of Indians and Ethiopians occurs as early as Herodotus, who observes that Indians are “all black-skinned, like the Ethiopians.” He adds: “Their semen, too, which they ejaculate into the women, is not white like other men’s, but black like their skin, and resembles in this respect that of the Ethiopians” (3.101).…
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Dental Nonmetric Traits of the Badarian Population

Dental Nonmetric Traits of the Badarian Population

Source: Population Continuity or Population Change: Formation of the Ancient Egyptian State (AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY) 2007 A.D. Note: Page 506 of the source. Note: Page 507 of the source. Note: Page 507 of the source. Note: Page 507 of the source. Note: Page 508 of the source. Page 506 of this source confirms that throughout predynastic and Dynastic Egyptian periods, there was black, racial continuity that is indicated with the Badarian population's dental samples. The Badarian population had a morphological cluster with Nubian, Tigrean, and other southern (or \Negroid") groups. The rest of this study confirms what other…
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Shem and Ham were Both “Dark”

Shem and Ham were Both “Dark”

Source: The Sons of Noah and the Construction of Ethnic and Geographical Identities in the Medieval and Early Modern Periods (Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture) 1997 A.D. Note: Page 112 of the source. Note: Page 112 of the source. This source confirms yet again that both Shem and Ham were considered to be "dark" at one time before their color scheme was changed.
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Early Rabbinical Writings Note that Both Shem and Ham were Black

Early Rabbinical Writings Note that Both Shem and Ham were Black

Source: Slaves and Slavery in Africa Volume One: Islam and the Ideology of Enslavement Volume 1 (Taylor & Francis) 2014 A.D. Note: Page 89 of the source. This source confirms what we have already noted regarding early rabbinical writings stating both Shem and Ham were black. This source also alludes to the fact that whiteness may not have been the standard of beauty in more ancient time periods in the ancient near east amongst certain peoples.
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8th Century Rabbinic Insight Said Shem and Ham were Black-Nabit were “Black”

8th Century Rabbinic Insight Said Shem and Ham were Black-Nabit were “Black”

Source: Struggles in the Promised Land: Toward a History of Black-Jewish Relations in The United States (Oxford University Press) 1997 A.D. Note: Page 37 of the source. Note: Page 45 of the source. This source contains rabbinic commentary from the 8th Century. This source shows that Rabbi Eliezer clearly stated that both Shem and Ham are black.
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Both Shem and Ham were Black

Both Shem and Ham were Black

Source: Black folk here and there : an essay in history and anthropology (Los Angeles : Center for Afro-American Studies, University of California) 1987 A.D. Note: Page 26 of the source. Note: Page 26 of the source. Note: Page 37 of the source. Note: Page 38 of the source. Note: Page 43 of the source. Note: Page 45 of the source. Note: Page 58 of the source. Note: Page 263 of the source. This source confirms yet again that early Jewish literature stated both Shem and Ham were black, some tampering was done to demonize black skin, and black people…
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