Mediterranean

A Large Community of Black Jews Lived In Dahomey After WWI

A Large Community of Black Jews Lived In Dahomey After WWI

Source: Blacks Jews The Religious Challenge (Cambridge University Press) 1987, pg. 232 "Closer to our time Dr. J. Krepel noted some time after the First World War, that a large community of Black Jews existed in the interior of Dahomey. These Jews had the five books of Moses written on old parchment in Hebrew."
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Sparta’s Connection to Abraham-Hekatios of Abdera Believed the Tradition of the Expulsion of Hyksos, Israelite Exodus, and Landing of Danaos were the Same Story

Sparta’s Connection to Abraham-Hekatios of Abdera Believed the Tradition of the Expulsion of Hyksos, Israelite Exodus, and Landing of Danaos were the Same Story

Source: Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization : The Fabrication of Ancient Greece, 1785-1985 (Rutgers University Press) 1987 A.D. Note: Page 52 of the source. Note: Page 53 of the source. Note: Page 53 of the source. Note: Page 54 of the source. Note: Page 90 of the source. Note: Page 98 of the source. Note: 109 of the source. Note: Page 110 of the source. Note: Page 242 of the source. Note: Page 384 of the source. Note: Page 436 of the source. Note: Page 436 of the source. Note: Page 437 of the source. Note: Page…
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Not a Clear Distinction Between Egyptians and Ethiopians-Thera and Cyprus-Kabeiroi Derived From Semitic Kabir

Not a Clear Distinction Between Egyptians and Ethiopians-Thera and Cyprus-Kabeiroi Derived From Semitic Kabir

Source: Black Athena Writes Back: Martin Bernal Responds to His Critics (Duke University Press Books) 2001 A.D. Note: Page 29 of the source. Note: Page 66 of the source. Note: Page 93 to 94 of the source. Note: Page 94 of the source. Note: Page 95 of the source. Note: Page 94 to 95 of the source. Note: Page 99 of the source. Note: Page 157 of the source. Note: Page 158 of the source. Note: Page 300 of the source. Note: Page 303 of the source. Note: Page 362 of the source. Note: Page 381 of the source. This…
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The Tribe of Dan as a Sea People-Phineas Means the Nubian or Black-Colchis-Elam, Kassites, and Kissian-Blacks in Thera-Simeon was a Name For African Blacks

The Tribe of Dan as a Sea People-Phineas Means the Nubian or Black-Colchis-Elam, Kassites, and Kissian-Blacks in Thera-Simeon was a Name For African Blacks

Source: Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization : Vol. II - The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence (Rutgers University Press) 1991 A.D. Note: Page 96 of the source. Note: Page 98 of the source. Note: Page 113 of the source. Note: Page 142 of the source. Note: Page 189 of the source. Note: Page 246 of the source. Note: Page 248 of the source. Note: Page 249 of the source. Note: Page 249 of the source. Note: Page 249 of the source. Note: Page 250 of the source. Note: Page 253 of the source. Note: Page 254 of the…
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Ancient “Sub-Saharan” Genetic Admixture in Italian Populations

Ancient “Sub-Saharan” Genetic Admixture in Italian Populations

Source: Uniparental Markers of Contemporary Italian Population Reveals Details on Its Pre-Roman Heritage (Plos One) 2012 A.D. Note: Page 12 of the source. Note: Page 12 of the source. Note: Page 13 of the source. This source confirms that "sub-Saharan" ancestry in the southern regions of Europe predates modern migration, the Transatlantic Slave Trade, and the Roman Empire. This source confirms the black presence in the ancient Mediterranean region. Ancient historians attest to ancient interactions and mixing between southern Europeans, Africans, and ancient near east people. The history aligns with the DNA.
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Common African Haplotype Associated with Phoenician Colonization

Common African Haplotype Associated with Phoenician Colonization

Source: Gm and Km immunoglobulin allotypes in Sicily (National Library of Medicine) 2004 A.D. From the source, "The aim of this study was to evaluate the intra- and inter-population variability of the Gm/Km system in the Madonie Mountains, one of the main geographical barriers in north-central Sicily. We analysed 392 samples: 145 from Alia, 128 from Valledolmo, 25 from Cerda and 94 from Palermo. Serum samples were tested for G1m (1,2,3,17), G2m (23), G3m (5,6,10,11,13,14,15,16,21,24,28) and Km (1) allotypes by the standard agglutination-inhibition method. We found the typical genetic patterns of populations in peripheral areas of the Mediterranean basin, with…
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Sub-Saharan DNA Related to Phoenicians

Sub-Saharan DNA Related to Phoenicians

Source: Population history of the Sardinian people inferred from whole-genome sequencing (bioRxiv) 2016 A.D. From the source, "The ADMIXTURE and PCA analyses above (Figure 4) suggest that Sardinian samples, such as those outside of Ogliastra, may show some evidence of admixture with mainland sources, consistent with previous reports (Moorjani et al. 2011, Loh et al. 2013, Hellenthal et al. 2014). For example, Cagliari individuals demonstrated ~7% of a non-Sardinian (“purple”) component that is found in substantial fraction among extant individuals from Southern Europe, Middle East, Caucasus, and North Africa. To assess this in detail we used the f3-test for admixture (Patterson et…
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Tarif’s Army that Expanded into Spain In 711 A.D. was Comprised of Berbers who were Sudanese

Tarif’s Army that Expanded into Spain In 711 A.D. was Comprised of Berbers who were Sudanese

Source: The Miseducation of the West: How Schools and the Media Distort Our Understanding of the Islamic World (Greenwood Publishing Group) 2004 A.D. Note: Page 118 of the source. Note: Page 119 of the source. Note: Page 120 of the source. Note: Page 120 of the source. Note: Page 120 of the source. Note: Page 120 of the source. Note: Page 121 of the source. This source confirms that there were many blac Moors/Berbers and some scholars do believe Black Athena is a credible source that shows the Afrocentric influence in the ancient Mediterranean world.
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A Nubian Lady in Ancient Cyprus

A Nubian Lady in Ancient Cyprus

Source: A NUBIAN LADY IN CYPRUS (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego) 2020 A.D. From the source, "Since 1993, a team from Princeton University has been working in Cyprus, excavating Marion, one of the ancient city kingdoms, and its successor city, Arsinoe. During exploration, two sanctuaries, dating to the Iron Age, were discovered, each containing an extraordinary number of votives, with terracotta sculptural offerings numbering over 30,000 fragments. In the earlier sanctuary, dedicated to a female deity who had affinities with a Near Eastern fertility goddess, a remarkable, nearly life-size terracotta female head was recovered, which had originally belonged to a full-length statue.…
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Black Africans were a Part of the Mediterranean World

Black Africans were a Part of the Mediterranean World

Source: Black Africans in the Ancient Mediterranean | Dr. Rebecca Futo Kennedy (Study of Antiquity and the Middle Ages) 2020 A.D. This source tells us once again that the ancient Roman empire was a cosmopolitan society and that different blacks peoples, both free and enslaved, were woven throughout the Mediterranean world.
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