“White” Ethiopians were Dark-Skinned

“White” Ethiopians were Dark-Skinned

Source: Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (Pliny the Elder) 77-79 A.D. From the source, " If we pass through the interior of Africa in a southerly direction, beyond the Gætuli, after having traversed the intervening deserts, we shall find, first of all the Liby- Egyptians1, and then the country where the Leucæthio- pians2 dwell. Beyond3 these are the Nigritæ4, nations of Æthiopia, so called from the river Nigris5, which has been previously mentioned, the Gymnetes6, surnamed Pharusii, and, on the very margin of the ocean, the Perorsi7, whom we have already spoken of as lying on the boundaries of Mauritania. After passing…
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Historiography and Methods of African History

Historiography and Methods of African History

Source: Historiography and Methods of African History (Oxford Bibliographies) 2012 A.D. From the source, " Introduction The study of African history as an independent and autonomous focus of scholarship is a recent development. Until the late colonial period, it was widely believed among Western historians that Africa, south of the Sahara, had no “civilization” and thus no history. Others insisted that even if there were events of a historical nature, such a history was unknown and unknowable, since African societies, for the most part, were nonliterate and as such left no records that historians could study. The era of decolonization…
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The Itinerary of Ludovico Di Varthema of Bologna (1502 A.D. To 1508 A.D.) Tells of Jews in the Mountains of Khaibar in Arabia who are More Black than Any Color

The Itinerary of Ludovico Di Varthema of Bologna (1502 A.D. To 1508 A.D.) Tells of Jews in the Mountains of Khaibar in Arabia who are More Black than Any Color

Source: The Itinerary of Ludovico Di Varthema of Bologna from 1502 to 1508 as Translated from the Original Italian Edition of 1510 (Asian Educational Services) 1510 A.D. Note: Page xl of the source. Note: Page 14 of the source. Note: Page 15 of the source. Note: Page 96 of the source. This source confirms yet again that travelers from previous centuries noted that the Jews and Moors were physically black.
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In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

Source: Hybrid Hate, Conflations of Antisemitism & Anti-Black Racism from the Renaissance to the Third Reich (Oxford University Press) 2020 A.D. From the source, " Blacks and Jews in the Western Imaginaire Attempts to account for human difference almost always positioned blacks and Jews outside the normative human frame, as we have seen in the case of Bruno, Vanini, La Peyrère, Kames, Voltaire, and many others, and this fact forms part of the etiology of the sickness of anti-black racism and Jew hatred. As far as blacks were concerned, color itself, the most obvious of human differences, played a major…
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Your Ancestors May have Looked Different than You

Your Ancestors May have Looked Different than You

Source: Your Family May Once Have Been A Different Color (NPR) 2006 A.D. From the source, " To begin, please point your elbow to the ceiling. Then imagine yourself naked. Then look at the patch of skin on the inside of your upper arm, the part of you that almost never sees the sun. Whatever color you see there is what experts call your basic skin color, according to professor Nina Jablonski, head of the Penn State Department of Anthropology. And that color, the one you have now, says Jablonski, is very probably not the color your ancient ancestors had…
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Tarif’s Army that Expanded into Spain In 711 A.D. was Comprised of Berbers who were Sudanese

Tarif’s Army that Expanded into Spain In 711 A.D. was Comprised of Berbers who were Sudanese

Source: The Miseducation of the West: How Schools and the Media Distort Our Understanding of the Islamic World (Greenwood Publishing Group) 2004 A.D. Note: Page 118 of the source. Note: Page 119 of the source. Note: Page 120 of the source. Note: Page 120 of the source. Note: Page 120 of the source. Note: Page 120 of the source. Note: Page 121 of the source. This source confirms that there were many blac Moors/Berbers and some scholars do believe Black Athena is a credible source that shows the Afrocentric influence in the ancient Mediterranean world.
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14th Century A.D. Prince Marko in the Ballads of Marko Kraljevic Describes Black Moors

14th Century A.D. Prince Marko in the Ballads of Marko Kraljevic Describes Black Moors

Source: The Ballads of Marko Kraljević (CUP Archive) 14th Century A.D. (pg. 106, 112) Note: Page 106 of the source. Note: Page 112 of the source. Note: Page 112 of the source. Note: Page 111 of the source. Note: Page 116 of the source. Note: Page 118 of the source. Note: Page 142 of the source. This source confirms that many of the Moors were black people and that individuals would alternate utilizing phrases like Moors and black Moors to describe the same people.
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From the Middle Ages To 17th Century, the Moors were Black or Very Dark-Skinned

From the Middle Ages To 17th Century, the Moors were Black or Very Dark-Skinned

Source: Moors (Encyclopedia) 2018 A.D. From the source, "In the Middle Ages, and as late as the 17th century, the Moors were commonly supposed to be mostly black or very dark-skinned; the name was thus sometimes used in the sense ‘a black person’. This source confirms that many of the Moors were black and mixed peoples.
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14th Century “The Travels of Sir John Mandeville”-Nubian Christians are Black as  Moors

14th Century “The Travels of Sir John Mandeville”-Nubian Christians are Black as Moors

Source: THE TRAVELS OF SIR JOHN MANDEVILLE (The Project Gutenberg) 14th Century A.D. From the source, "And men of Nubia be Christian, but they be black as the Moors for great heat of the sun." This source confirms the physical blackness of the medieval Moors once again.
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The 13th Century Estoria de Espanna (History of Spain) Describes The Moors Being As Black As Pitch

The 13th Century Estoria de Espanna (History of Spain) Describes The Moors Being As Black As Pitch

Source: The Return of the Moor Spanish Responses to Contemporary Moroccan Immigration (Purdue University Press) 2008 A.D. Note: Page 72 of the source. Note: Page 73 of the source. Note: Page 73 to 74 of the source. Note: Page 75 of the source. This source confirms the "otherness", the strange admiration, and the blackness that was assigned to the Medieval Moors.
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