Ancient and Medieval Gao was Connected to North African Coastal Cities

Ancient and Medieval Gao was Connected to North African Coastal Cities

Source: Discovery of the earliest royal palace in Gao and its implications for the history of West Africa (Open Edition Journals) 2012 A.D. From the Discovery source, "The history of Gao has been reconstructed mainly on the basis of the two Tarikhs of Timbuktu. The early days of Gao, however, which were not described conscientiously in these Tarikhs, have been subjected to polemics in many respects. Our excavations in the archaeological sites of Gao Saney and Gao city since 2001 have provided new data that offer an original approach for rewriting the early history of Gao. According to these data, the archaeological site…
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Historiography and Methods of African History

Historiography and Methods of African History

Source: Historiography and Methods of African History (Oxford Bibliographies) 2012 A.D. From the source, " Introduction The study of African history as an independent and autonomous focus of scholarship is a recent development. Until the late colonial period, it was widely believed among Western historians that Africa, south of the Sahara, had no “civilization” and thus no history. Others insisted that even if there were events of a historical nature, such a history was unknown and unknowable, since African societies, for the most part, were nonliterate and as such left no records that historians could study. The era of decolonization…
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In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

Source: Hybrid Hate, Conflations of Antisemitism & Anti-Black Racism from the Renaissance to the Third Reich (Oxford University Press) 2020 A.D. From the source, " Blacks and Jews in the Western Imaginaire Attempts to account for human difference almost always positioned blacks and Jews outside the normative human frame, as we have seen in the case of Bruno, Vanini, La Peyrère, Kames, Voltaire, and many others, and this fact forms part of the etiology of the sickness of anti-black racism and Jew hatred. As far as blacks were concerned, color itself, the most obvious of human differences, played a major…
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In 1852 A.D. , it was Noted that Israelites Inhabiting the Oasis of the Sahara had Ancient Manuscripts that are Probably Older than Others

In 1852 A.D. , it was Noted that Israelites Inhabiting the Oasis of the Sahara had Ancient Manuscripts that are Probably Older than Others

Source: The Jewish herald and record of Christian effort for the spiritual good of God's ancient people [afterw.] The Jewish missionary herald and record of the British society for the propagation of the gospel among the Jews [afterw.] The Herald, Volumes 7-9 (Oxford University) 1852 A.D. Note: Page 103 of the source. Note: Page 104 of the source. This source confirms the Judaic presence in "sub-Saharan" Africa.
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Canaanite Aspects of Hausa States

Canaanite Aspects of Hausa States

Source: West Africa and the Classical World - Neglected Contexts (University Bayreuth) 2004 A.D. Note: 1 of the source. Note: Page 2 of the source. Note: Page 2 of the source. Note: Page 2 of the source. Note: Page 3 of the source. Note: Page 3 of the source. Note: Page 3 of the source. Note: Page 3 of the source. Note: Page 3 of the source. Note: Page 4 of the source. Note: Page 5 of the source. Note: Page 5 of the source. Note: Page 5 to 6 of the source. Note: Page 6 of the source. Note:…
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Phoenician Civilization Spread From the Northern Regions of Africa Through The Sahara

Phoenician Civilization Spread From the Northern Regions of Africa Through The Sahara

Source: The Dying and rising god in the New Year festival of Ife (Ancient Kingdoms of West Africa: African-Centred and Canaanite-Israelite Perspectives) 2004 A.D. Note: Page 343 of the source. Note: Page 344 of the source. Note: Page 344 of the source. Note: Page 345 of the source. Note: Page 345 of the source. Note: Page 346 of the source. Note: Page 346 of the source. Note: Page 347 of the source. Note: Page 347 of the source. Note: Page 348 of the source. Note: Page 349 of the source. Note: Page 350 of the source. Note: Page 350 of…
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Sun Worship Amongst African Amazons

Sun Worship Amongst African Amazons

Source: The Amazons: Chapter VII: Amazons of Africa (Sacred Texts) 1910 A.D. From the African Amazon chapter of the source, "DIODORUS SICULUS, quoting Dionysius the historian, says that there was a prodigious race of Amazons who rose, flourished exceedingly, and disappeared long before the Trojan War--so long before, indeed, that their renown had been obscured by the newer glory of the Amazons of the Pontus. The more ancient race had its origin in Libya, that Africa which lay between Egypt and Ethiopia on the east, the Atlantic on the west, bounded on the north by the classic strip of Mediterranean…
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11th Century Berber, Almoravid Ruler Yusuf ibn Tashfin’s Brown Skin and Woolly Hair

11th Century Berber, Almoravid Ruler Yusuf ibn Tashfin’s Brown Skin and Woolly Hair

Source: Yusuf ibn Tashfin (New World Encyclopedia) 2021 A.D. From the source, "Yusuf ibn Tashfin or Tashafin (reigned c. 1061 - 1106) (Arabic: يوسف بن تاشفين or يوسف بن تشفين) was an ethnic Berber and Almoravid ruler in North Africa and Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia)...The Almoravid confederation, which consisted of a hierarchy of Lamtuna, Musaffa and Djudalla Berbers, represented the military's elite. Amongst them were Andalusian Christians and Africans, taking up duties as diwan al-gund, Yusuf's own personal bodyguard; including 2,000 black horsemen, whose tasks also included registering soldiers and making sure they were compensated financially..."A wise and shrewd man, neither too prompt in his determinations, nor too slow in carrying them into effect," Yusuf…
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Girgashites (“Sons of Africa”) are Associated with Founding of Carthage

Girgashites (“Sons of Africa”) are Associated with Founding of Carthage

Source: Africa (Jewish Encyclopedia) 1906 A.D. From the source, "  The Septuagint, a recognized authority in Egyptianmatters, Josephus, and Jerome, all interpret Phut as referring to Libya (Dillmann, "Die Genesis," p. 178), from which it may be assumed that the Biblical writers included in their perspective also that great expanse of territory west of Egypt called Libya, by which name ancient writers often designate the whole of Africa. Authors like Herodotus were unacquainted with any African countries to the west of Libya. Some, indeed, have endeavored to explain the Biblical Havilah as an African region; and Josephus ("Ant." i. 6,…
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