Source: Gold Road Trade Routes Map (Howard University) 2021 A.D. Note: From the source. This source completely dispels the myths that "medieval West Africa was not connected to North Africa...". This source destroys the artificial barrier that has been erected to divide "sub-Saharan" Africa from "North Africa".
Source: Historiography and Methods of African History (Oxford Bibliographies) 2012 A.D. From the source, " Introduction The study of African history as an independent and autonomous focus of scholarship is a recent development. Until the late colonial period, it was widely believed among Western historians that Africa, south of the Sahara, had no “civilization” and thus no history. Others insisted that even if there were events of a historical nature, such a history was unknown and unknowable, since African societies, for the most part, were nonliterate and as such left no records that historians could study. The era of decolonization…
Source: Historiography, What is it? Emily Blanck, Rowan University (Rowan University) 2017 A.D. This source provides more pieces of advice for process of historiography. It may be wise to add these "pearls of wisdom" to your took kit as you traverse through history in trying to understand the black presence in the ancient and medieval world.
Source: (3765) Historiography, the History of Writing History. Emily Blanck, Rowan University (Rowan University College of Humanities and Social Sciences) 2017 A.D. This source provides more insight into the process of writing history. It may be wise to utilize some of the "pearls of wisdom" mentioned in this video.
Source: Historical Research Method: Home (Edith Cowan University ) 2012 A.D. Historiography is the study of historical writing. God is blessing us to reclaim our history, so it is important we know what we are looking for and know how to piece history together accurately as we progress. Below is the historical method from Edith Cowan University that one can use for research. Remember to follow the leading of the Holy Spirit in all that you do. From the Historical Research Method source, " Historical research or historiography, "attempts to systematically recapture the complex nuances, the people,meanings,events,and even ideas of the past that have…
Source: Did Cleopatra Really Murder Her Sister? (Odyssey) 2021 A.D. (please start at the 53:00 minute mark of the video) This documentary provides some evidence that Cleopatra's family had some level of black ancestry in them.
Source: A NUBIAN LADY IN CYPRUS (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego) 2020 A.D. From the source, "Since 1993, a team from Princeton University has been working in Cyprus, excavating Marion, one of the ancient city kingdoms, and its successor city, Arsinoe. During exploration, two sanctuaries, dating to the Iron Age, were discovered, each containing an extraordinary number of votives, with terracotta sculptural offerings numbering over 30,000 fragments. In the earlier sanctuary, dedicated to a female deity who had affinities with a Near Eastern fertility goddess, a remarkable, nearly life-size terracotta female head was recovered, which had originally belonged to a full-length statue.…
Source: An Examination of Nubian and Egyptian Biological Distance: Support for Biological Diffusion or In Situ Development? (Journal of Comparative Human Biology) 2009 A.D. Note: Page 397 of the source. Note: Page 398 to 399 of the source. Note: Page 399 of the source. Note: Page 399 of the source. Note: Page 401 of the source. This source confirms the biological affinities between ancient Egyptians and Nubians.
Source: Ancient Egypt Anatomy of a Civilisation (Taylor & Francis) 2007 A.D. Note: Page 54 of the source. This source confirms the black presence that persisted throughout ancient Egypt.
Source: Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa Archaeology, History, Languages, Cultures, and Environments (AltaMira Press) 1997 A.D. Note: Page 465 of the source. Note: Page 471 of the source. Note: Page 471 of the source. This source confirms that Egypt was not separated from the rest of Africa and the strong cultural connection ancient Egypt had with the rest of Africa.