Europeans

Ancient “Sub-Saharan” Genetic Admixture in Italian Populations

Ancient “Sub-Saharan” Genetic Admixture in Italian Populations

Source: Uniparental Markers of Contemporary Italian Population Reveals Details on Its Pre-Roman Heritage (Plos One) 2012 A.D. Note: Page 12 of the source. Note: Page 12 of the source. Note: Page 13 of the source. This source confirms that "sub-Saharan" ancestry in the southern regions of Europe predates modern migration, the Transatlantic Slave Trade, and the Roman Empire. This source confirms the black presence in the ancient Mediterranean region. Ancient historians attest to ancient interactions and mixing between southern Europeans, Africans, and ancient near east people. The history aligns with the DNA.
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Diodorus Siculus’ Extensive Commentary on Prehistoric and Historical African and Grecian Interactions

Diodorus Siculus’ Extensive Commentary on Prehistoric and Historical African and Grecian Interactions

Source: Complete Works of Diodorus Siculus (Delphi Classics) (Delphi Ancient Classics Book 32) (Internet Archive) 2021 A.D. Note: Page 33 of the source. Note: Page 39 of the source. Note: Page 40 of the source. Note: Page 42 of the source. Note: Page 45 of the source. Note: Page 46 of the source. Note: Page 46 of the source. Note: Page 47 of the source. Note: Page 47 of the source. Note: Page 81 of the source. Note: Page 97 of the source. Note: Page 114 of the source. Note: Page 209 of the source. Note: Page 210 of the…
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Dravido-Africans

Dravido-Africans

Source: Evidence that a West-East admixed population lived in the Tarim Basin as early as the early Bronze Age (BMC Biology) 2010 A.D. From the source, "  The Loulan Mummy was of Dravidian Origin Clyde Winters, Uthman dan Fodio Institute 18 July 2014 Controversy surrounds the Loulan mummy. Meir has attempted to protray the Tarim Basin as an ancestral home for Caucasians because of the discovery of mummies resembling Europeans in the Tarim Basin with European pigmentation and physical features. As a result, researchers have claimed that the Loulan mummy was also caucasian. This hypothesis is false. The Loulan munny…
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Your Ancestors May have Looked Different than You

Your Ancestors May have Looked Different than You

Source: Your Family May Once Have Been A Different Color (NPR) 2006 A.D. From the source, " To begin, please point your elbow to the ceiling. Then imagine yourself naked. Then look at the patch of skin on the inside of your upper arm, the part of you that almost never sees the sun. Whatever color you see there is what experts call your basic skin color, according to professor Nina Jablonski, head of the Penn State Department of Anthropology. And that color, the one you have now, says Jablonski, is very probably not the color your ancient ancestors had…
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Sub-Saharan DNA Related to Phoenicians

Sub-Saharan DNA Related to Phoenicians

Source: Population history of the Sardinian people inferred from whole-genome sequencing (bioRxiv) 2016 A.D. From the source, "The ADMIXTURE and PCA analyses above (Figure 4) suggest that Sardinian samples, such as those outside of Ogliastra, may show some evidence of admixture with mainland sources, consistent with previous reports (Moorjani et al. 2011, Loh et al. 2013, Hellenthal et al. 2014). For example, Cagliari individuals demonstrated ~7% of a non-Sardinian (“purple”) component that is found in substantial fraction among extant individuals from Southern Europe, Middle East, Caucasus, and North Africa. To assess this in detail we used the f3-test for admixture (Patterson et…
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Moor was Often Used to Describe Someone of African Descent who was Black who was Believed to have Come From Ethiopia or Mauritania

Moor was Often Used to Describe Someone of African Descent who was Black who was Believed to have Come From Ethiopia or Mauritania

Source: The sultana and her sisters: black women in the British Isles before 1530 (Women's History Review) 2006 A.D. From the source, "Black women exerted a cultural presence through their recognition inMiddle English and late medieval Scottish vernaculars. Although OldEnglish offers us little more than the word blacche (with its variant regionalspellings) for a black person [15], by the thirteenth century, Middle Englishhad acquired two key terms with which to signal non-white skin colour;More and Saracen. Each has variant regional spellings and neither isgender-specific, as both were applied equally to men and women. A third andrarer word was Sowdonesse (in…
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Nicolas Heale was a Sephardic Jew who was Dark Enough to have Descendants Listed as Free People of Color

Nicolas Heale was a Sephardic Jew who was Dark Enough to have Descendants Listed as Free People of Color

Source: Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America. A Genealogical History (McFarland and Company Inc., Publishers) 2012 A.D. Note: Page 53 of the source. Note: Page 54 of the source. Note: Page 114 of the source. Note Page 265 of the source. This source provides details on a Sephardic Jew during the colonial time period in the New World who was so dark that he had descendants who were classified as free persons of color several generations later. This source potentially points to other dark skinned individuals who may have been "black" and/or "mixed" in our modern vernacular or they…
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Romans Categorized Peoples by the Physical Appearance, Not By Parentage or ‘Blood’-Roman Perception of Mediterranean Phenotype was ‘albus or leukos’ (White) But Not Too White

Romans Categorized Peoples by the Physical Appearance, Not By Parentage or ‘Blood’-Roman Perception of Mediterranean Phenotype was ‘albus or leukos’ (White) But Not Too White

Source: Roman Perceptions of Blacks (Virginia Tech University Libraries) 1993 A.D. From the source, "Abstract. Certain preconceptions about 'blacks' in predominantly 'white' societies have distorted modern visions of the ways in which Aethiopes were perceived in Roman society, resulting in much misinterpretation of the relevant texts. In Roman perceptions categories like black African, white, 'paleface' and swarthy were neither communities nor socially defined 'races' with ascribed group-statuses. Categorisation was determined by the physical appearance of the individual person, not by parentage or 'blood'...Wiesen saw this text as evidence of a Roman perception of blacks as natural inferiors of 'the white…
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DNA Study From The U.S National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health-Nearly All Southern Europeans Have 1%-3% African Ancestry (Roman Era and Arab Migrations)-All 8 Major Jewish Populations Have 3%-5% Sub-Saharan African Ancestry In Them (Reflects African Ancestry Prior to Jewish Diaspora)

DNA Study From The U.S National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health-Nearly All Southern Europeans Have 1%-3% African Ancestry (Roman Era and Arab Migrations)-All 8 Major Jewish Populations Have 3%-5% Sub-Saharan African Ancestry In Them (Reflects African Ancestry Prior to Jewish Diaspora)

Source: The History of African Gene Flow into Southern Europeans, Levantines, and Jews (U.S National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health) 2011 A.D. From the source, "...Previous genetic studies have suggested a history of sub-Saharan African gene flow into some West Eurasian populations after the initial dispersal out of Africa that occurred at least 45,000 years ago. However, there has been no accurate characterization of the proportion of mixture, or of its date. We analyze genome-wide polymorphism data from about 40 West Eurasian groups to show that almost all Southern Europeans have inherited 1%–3% African ancestry with an average…
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The Black Jews Were Planted In Malabar By Nebuchadnezzar

The Black Jews Were Planted In Malabar By Nebuchadnezzar

Source: The One Primeval Language Traced Experimentally Through Ancient Inscriptions in Alphabetic (Oxford University) 1854 "I would observe only, that the denomination Joud or Aioud is applied indiscriminately, in the East, to the whole Hebrew race; as we see, at the present day, in the instance of the Black and White Jews of Cochin. The fact, that the Hebrew rolls of Books of the Old Testament, still extant among the Black Jews of Malabar (as proved by an example now in my possession), written on sheets of red goat-skin, came to them from Cashmeer at once proves the existence of an…
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