Sparta’s Connection to Abraham-Hekatios of Abdera Believed the Tradition of the Expulsion of Hyksos, Israelite Exodus, and Landing of Danaos were the Same Story

Sparta’s Connection to Abraham-Hekatios of Abdera Believed the Tradition of the Expulsion of Hyksos, Israelite Exodus, and Landing of Danaos were the Same Story

Source: Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization : The Fabrication of Ancient Greece, 1785-1985 (Rutgers University Press) 1987 A.D. Note: Page 52 of the source. Note: Page 53 of the source. Note: Page 53 of the source. Note: Page 54 of the source. Note: Page 90 of the source. Note: Page 98 of the source. Note: 109 of the source. Note: Page 110 of the source. Note: Page 242 of the source. Note: Page 384 of the source. Note: Page 436 of the source. Note: Page 436 of the source. Note: Page 437 of the source. Note: Page…
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In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

In 1523 A.D. , it was Believed that Black and Red Jews in Africa were Poised To Reclaim Jerusalem

Source: Hybrid Hate, Conflations of Antisemitism & Anti-Black Racism from the Renaissance to the Third Reich (Oxford University Press) 2020 A.D. From the source, " Blacks and Jews in the Western Imaginaire Attempts to account for human difference almost always positioned blacks and Jews outside the normative human frame, as we have seen in the case of Bruno, Vanini, La Peyrère, Kames, Voltaire, and many others, and this fact forms part of the etiology of the sickness of anti-black racism and Jew hatred. As far as blacks were concerned, color itself, the most obvious of human differences, played a major…
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Kedar Meant “A Dark-Skinned Man, A Negro”

Kedar Meant “A Dark-Skinned Man, A Negro”

Source: The Names We Bear A Descriptive Compendium of Bibliocal, Classical, and Common Names, Compiled So as to Aid Memory, in an Etymoloical Narrative Form and a Copious Index (H.A. Long) 1877 A.D. Note: Page 175 of the source. This source confirms that Kedar's name could allude to him being "a dark-skinned man, a negro". Kedar is the grandson of Abraham through Ishmael.
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Noah had Hair Like Wool and “Curly” Just as God Does

Noah had Hair Like Wool and “Curly” Just as God Does

Source: With Letters of Light: Studies in Dead Sea Scrolls, Early Jewish Apocalypticism, Magic, and Mysticism (Walter de Grutyer) 2011 A.D. Note: Page 24 of the source. Note: Page 24 of the source. Note: Page 25 of the source. This source confirms that Noah was an albino negro because he had white skin like the offspring of an angel, but he also had "wool-like", "curly" hair which is synonymous with negroes. Jesus Christ (Ancient of Days) also had hair like wool as the source mentions.
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Free Negro Owners of Slaves Included Nunes and Levi (Signature Sephardic Jewish Names)

Free Negro Owners of Slaves Included Nunes and Levi (Signature Sephardic Jewish Names)

Source: Free Negro owners of slaves in the United States in 1830, together with Absentee ownership of slaves in the United States in 1830 (University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign) 1924 A.D. Note: Page v of the Free Negro owners source. Note: Page vi of the Free Negro owners source. Note: Page vii of the Free Negro owners source. Note: Page 3 of the source. Note: Page 18 of the Free Negro source. This source highlights the historical point that although the vast majority of blacks in America were enslaved, there was a relatively substantial amount that was not. The Nunes and…
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In 1665 A.D. , a Portuguese Jew in Jamaica was Called a “Black Jew”

In 1665 A.D. , a Portuguese Jew in Jamaica was Called a “Black Jew”

Source: Fascinating 'Malata Jue' Story in Marcus' New York  (The Detroit Jewish News) 1969 A.D. This newspaper story tells of a Jew from 1668 America. Solomon was listed as a "malata Jue". The source tells us that the Englishmen of that time period thought the Jews were dark-skinned. The source then tells us in 1665 that a "respectable Portuguese Jew" in Jamaica was called "a black Jew". The source tells us that F.L. Cardozo, a famous Jew in America during the Civil War time frame, was of Negro descent. The source also tells us that the term "mulatto" was occasionally…
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Mathias de Sousa was Possibly a Portuguese Jew in Colonial Maryland

Mathias de Sousa was Possibly a Portuguese Jew in Colonial Maryland

Source: Defining race and identity in early Md. (The Baltimore Sun) 2001 A.D. From the source, " BLACK HISTORY Month offers an opportunity to spotlight the history and achievements of African people and their descendants in America. In Maryland, we celebrate the lives of men and women like Benjamin Banneker, Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman. It may seem ironic that in observance of the first Black History Month of the millennium, we question the identity of an official Maryland first: Mathias de Sousa -- widely celebrated as the first black man to vote in the Maryland legislature. We do not question…
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Skeletal Remains Previously Considered To Be “Afro-Mediterranean” or “Caucasoid” Now Group With African Negro Samples

Skeletal Remains Previously Considered To Be “Afro-Mediterranean” or “Caucasoid” Now Group With African Negro Samples

Source: The Cambridge History of Africa Volume 2 (Cambridge University Press) 1975 A.D. Note: Page 68 of the source. Note: Page 69 of the source. Note: Page 69 of the source. This source confirms that African Negro crania samples can be grouped into "Afro-Mediterranean" and "Caucasoid" crania groupings and vice versa. This is why we approach the black presence in the ancient Mediterranean Basin from a multi-disciplinary approach because no piece of evidence or approach stands alone. This field of research is far too complex to simply approach it from one way.
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The Ancient City of Carthage had a Majority of “African” and “Negro” Types

The Ancient City of Carthage had a Majority of “African” and “Negro” Types

Source: Ancient African Christianity: An Introduction to a Unique Context and Tradition (Routledge) 2017 A.D. Note: Page 64 of the source. Note: Page 65 of the source. Note: Page 68 to 69 of the source. Note: Page 76 of the source. Note: Page 76 to 77 of the source. This source confirms several things: in Roman Africa the goddess "Afra" was depicted with dreadlocks and other negroid features, the Cyrenaeans depicted themselves and Romans with "Libyan features" (the ancient northern regions west of the Nile were often designated as Libya, which means the Cyreneans and the Romans living in their…
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In 1670 A.D. , It Was Noted That The Worship of One God And Mosaic Laws Were In Negroland Before Christianity or Islam Arrived

In 1670 A.D. , It Was Noted That The Worship of One God And Mosaic Laws Were In Negroland Before Christianity or Islam Arrived

Source: Africa being an accurate description of the regions of Ægypt, Barbary, Lybia, and Billedulgerid, the land of Negroes, Guinee, Æthiopia and the Abyssines : with all the adjacent islands, either in the Mediterranean, Atlantick, Southern or Oriental Sea, belonging thereunto : with the several denominations fo their coasts, harbors, creeks, rivers, lakes, cities, towns, castles, and villages, their customs, modes and manners, languages, religions and inexhaustible treasure : with their governments and policy, variety of trade and barter : and also of their wonderful plants, beasts, birds and serpents : collected and translated from most authentick authors and augmented…
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